The Greys of Suffolk

Portrait of a Woman

Sometimes Identified as the Duchess of Suffolk

c.1560

British School, 16th Century

 

«The sitter has been linked tentatively to Frances Brandon, Duchess of Suffolk. A portrait at Petworth (see Collins Baker, 'Catalogue of the Petworth Collection of Pictures', 1920) appears to represent the same woman on a larger scale and is inscribed with the date 1560 and the sitter's age (24). Another version of the portrait is in the Duke of Sutherland's collection.»

(I discuss this portrait further on my For Reference page. I believe I have conclusively identified the lady in it on my The Pagets page.)

 

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Lady Jane Grey

The Syon Portrait

Duke of Northumberland Collection

Katherine Grey, Countess of Hertford

c.1555-1560

Levina Teerlinc

Victoria and Albert Museum | P.10&A-1979

 

The La Kathe'/ Graye. / Wyfe of Therle of / Hertford is inscribed on the reverse of this miniature by Levina Teerlinc, c. 1560

Lady Katherine Grey with her elder son Edward, Lord Beauchamp

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Lady Katherine Grey with her elder son Edward, Lord Beauchamp

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Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset

1532–1535

After Hans Holbein the Younger

 

Margaret Wotton was the daughter of Sir Robert Wotton (1455-1519) of Boughton Malkerte, Kent and Anne Belknap (b.1460); married first William Medley, and second in 1509, Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset (1477-1530).

Possibly Katherine Grey, Lady Maltravers (d. 1st of May 1542), Anne Grey, Lady Willoughby (d. 1548), or Mary Grey, one of the other three daughters of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset, and Margaret Wotton.

What first gave me this idea was the following paragraph:

«But the most significant difference is in the lady's chin. No such cleft appears in any others of the Berry-Hill Type nor, for that matter, in any known portraits of Queen Elizabeth I. Cleft chins are statistically uncommon, even more so among women than among men. Of twenty-nine principal portraits considered in this study, for example, only the Syon Portrait depicts a woman with a cleft chin. Further, the development of a cleft chin is known to have a genetic or familial component, causing them to appear across across multiple generations of a single family. Significantly, the best known painted portrait of Jane Grey's paternal grandmother, Margaret Wotton Grey, reveals that she may have had a cleft chin. Equally significantly, none of the fully authenticated portraits of Katherine Grey Seymour depict her with a cleft chin.» J. Stephan Edwards, A Queen of a New Invention, p. 170

Could the above portrait be of another member of the Grey family? Specifically another one of the daughters of Margaret Wotton and Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset, as she necessarily would have to have inherited the cleft in her chin from Margaret Wotton, and timewise that is the timeframe that fits, the portrait being dateable to about 1535.

The woman is dressed finely enough, though subdued, to be the daughter of a marquis. The sleeves looks as if they are made of red velvet. Black was an expensive dye, and the colour was consequently used to signify status. The woman wears gold rings set with precious stones. The billiments on her English gable hood in the style of the mid-1530s look as if it pearls and gold, though they could be some similee. Furthermore, she wears on her gable hood either a miniature or a brooch cameo, called in Tudor times a head of agate.

To determine which one she could be it is necessary to study each sister more closely.

Katherine Grey, Lady Maltravers was the first wife of Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel in what was meant to be a double marriage between her and the then future earl and Katherine Grey's brother Henry and Katherine FitzAlan, her groom's sister.

Henry Grey, however, flatly refused to marry Katherine FitzAlan, sinking his mother and the rest of the family into debt and financial difficulties, fatally insisting on marrying Frances Brandon instead.

It has been said that the double Grey-FitzAlan marriage must have been brokered by Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset, before his death in 1530. I find this unlikely, as he makes no allusion to this in his will. He specifically mentions his daughter Anne's marriage, which it would appear that he did indeeed contract on her behalf, but makes no mention of a similar arrangement for his children Katherine and Henry Grey. In fact, nobody named FitzAlan is mentioned in his will at all, and in a will that mentions all and sundry that is almost quite remarkable in itself.

The available evidence suggests that this was an alliance arranged by Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset after her husband's death, making her bitterness all the greater when her son refused to comply and instead landed her in financial difficulties for having broken the contract she herself had negotiated and committed herself to.

Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel, was first married to Katherine Grey, daughter of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset, and Margaret Wotton. By her he had three children:

 

Katherine was one of the ladies who accompanied Princess Mary Tudor into Wales in 1525 and received a quantity of black velvet. She remained in the Princess's household until it was dissolved in 1533. Katherine was married to Henry FitzAlan between September and the 19th of November 1532, the first occasion on which Katherine is named as the wife of Lord Maltravers. 

The fact that their first child, Jane, was not born until 1537, indicates that the marriage was not consummated right away.

Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset was named as Grand Steward of Princess Mary Tudor's Household when she went to the Marches of Wales in 1525, but it seems to have been an honorary title whilst his daughter, Lady Katherine, actually accompanied Mary. Lady Katherine remained with the princess until her household was broken up in 1533.[] The fact that Katherine was chosen as a companion to the Princess could indicate that she was about the same age as Mary Tudor. The fact that her marriage was not consummated right away further seems to indicate a later birth year than the earliest possible, perhaps she was born closer to 1514–1515 than 1510–1512.

Regardless, Katherine was clearly of the age of the woman in this portrait.

Katherine's husband, Henry Fitzalan, 19th Earl of Arundel's portrait was painted several times, including once by Hans Holbein and by Hans Eworth.

Jane FitzAlan, Baroness Lumley

1563

Steven van der Meulen

JANE FITZALAN (1536-July 7, 1578)

Jane Fitzalan was the daughter of Henry Fitzalan, 12th earl of Arundel (April 23, 1512-February 24, 1580) and Katherine Grey (1512-1542). Joan was given an education equal to any boy’s and was an avid translator of Greek and Latin. In 1550, she married John, Baron Lumley of Lumley Castle, Durham (1534-April 11, 1609). In 1553, she rode in the third chariot of state in Queen Mary’s coronation procession. She was chief mourner at her sister’s funeral (see next entry) on September 1, 1557 and was called upon to nurse her father at Nonsuch Palace in Surrey after Arundel’s second wife died on October 30th of that same year. He’d lost his son and heir, Jane’s brother, the year before. Jane was among Queen Elizabeth’s ladies of honor on the 1558/9 list. Joan had two sons and one daughter but they died young. She died at Arundel Place in London. In 1596, her husband erected a tomb to her at Cheam, Surrey. The Fitzalans were collectors and upon the earl’s death, Lord Lumley inherited the finest library in England. Upon his death, it passed to the Crown and became the core of the present day British Library. Included in it are manuscripts by both Joan and her sister. Joan translated Isocrates’ Archidamus from Greek into Latin and made a prose translation from Greek into English of Euripides’ Iphigenia at Aulus. Biography: Oxford DNB entry under “Lumley [née Fitzalan] Jane.” NOTE: the DNB gives Jane’s birthdate as 1537. Portraits: 1563 by Steven van der Meulen; effigy at Cheam.

Jane FitzAlan – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

Their daughter Jane appeared to take after her father, appearance-wise:

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Henry Fitzalan, 19th Earl of Arundel

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I cannot detect a cleft in her chin.

From his paintings, it does however appear as if Katherine Grey's son, Henry FitzAlan (1538–1556), Lord Maltravers, had a cleft in his chin:

Henry FitzAlan (1538–1556), Lord Maltravers

Henry FitzAlan (1538–1556), Lord Maltravers

Henry FitzAlan (1538–1556), Lord Maltravers

Henry FITZALAN (B. Maltravers) Born: 1538 Died: 30 Jun 1556, Brussels, Belgium. Buried: Brussels Cathedral. Notes: styled Lord Maltravers, only son and heir apparent, by 1st wife, born in 1538. Knighted as a Knight of the Bath, being 5th in order of the 40 knights so created at the coronation of Edward VI, 20 Feb 1546/7. Matric. Cambridge (Queen's College) May 1549. He married (Lic. 12 Apr 1555) Anne, widow of Sir Hugh Rich, 3rd dau. and coheir of Sir John Wentworth of Gosfield, Essex. Being sent Ambassador to the King of Bohemia, he caught a fever, and died s.p. and v.p., 30 Jun 1556, at Brussels, and was buried in the Cathedral there, aged 18. His widow married, between 1573 and 1580, William Deane. She was buried 10 Jan 1580/1, at Gosfield afsd., as "Anne, Lady Maltravers, uxor William Deane Esq." in her will dated 26 Mar 1573, she styles herself "late wife of the Rt. Hon. Henry Earl of Arundel", and bequeaths her residue to "my servant" William Deane, who pr. the said will 15 Feb 1580/1. He, who, in 1571, bought Dynes Hall, Great Maplestead, Essex, married 2ndly, Anne, widow of George Blythe, clerk to the Council of York, and daughter of Thomas Egerton, and had issue, and died 4 Oct 1585. Father: Henry FITZALAN (18º E. Arundel) Mother: Katherine GREY (C. Arundel) Married: Anne WENTWORTH (B. Maltravers) 12 Apr 1555

FitzAlan – Tudor Place

Henry FitzAlan (1538–1556), Lord Maltravers

He was a one-time suitor to Queen Elizabeth I Tudor.[] His father would later court the new queen, too.

«The queen was 25 years old and unmarried. Henry Fitzalan, twice a widower, fancied himself in the role of consort; of ancient nobility, he certainly possessed the right house to accommodate Elizabeth and her court. Nonsuch Palace, built by Henry VIII, had been given to him, the 12th Earl of Arundel, by Queen Mary. Arundel was serious: Rumour had it that he had spent £600 on jewels to be given to the queen’s ladies, so that they would speak for his cause. He also had himself painted in the pose of an emperor, sitting in the same kind of armchair as Charles V had when portrayed by Titian. Alas, Elizabeth was not keen on marriage, especially not to a man 20 years her senior and not particularly good-looking. Philip II’s ambassador observed how “she does not get on with him” and judged him to be “a flighty man of small ability”. The emperor’s ambassador (who had his own candidate in the running) neither believed in Arundel’s chances to become king: “he and he alone entertains this hope, for he is somewhat advanced in years and also rather silly and loutish, is not well-favoured, nor has a handsome figure”.» Arundel and Leicester | All Things Robert Dudley

Nina Green gives the following biography of Anne Wentworth, Lady Maltravers:

«Anne Wentworth (1537 – 5 December 1580), Lady Maltravers, who inherited Gosfield Hall and entertained Queen Elizabeth there in August 1579. She married firstly, in April 1554, Sir Hugh Rich (d. 1 November 1554), son of Richard Rich (1496/7-1567), 1st Baron Rich; secondly Henry Fitzalan (1538 - 30 June 1556), Lord Maltravers, son and heir apparent of Henry Fitzalan (1512-1580), 12th Earl of Arundel; and thirdly her steward, William Deane (d. 4 October 1585), who inherited Dyne’s Hall in Great Maplestead, Essex. After the death of Lady Maltravers, William Deane married secondly Anne Egerton, widow of George Blythe, esquire, Clerk of the Council of the North in 1572, a younger daughter of Thomas Egerton, citizen and mercer of London, ‘who claimed to be descended from the Egertons of Wrinehill in Cheshire’. Her brother was Stephen Egerton (c.1555-1622), the Puritan preacher of St Anne’s in the Blackfriars»

Anne, Lady Maltravers, is mentioned in the will of her father, Sir John Wentworth (1494 – 15 September 1567) of Gosfield Hall, Essex.

«Item, I give and bequeath unto my loving daughter, Anne, the Lady Maltravers, my best basin and ewer parcel gilt, one pair of livery pots of silver and gilt, one nest of bowls of silver all gilt which I last bought at London, one pair of my best salts of silver all gilt, 2 silver spoons all gilt, and 2 beer-pots of silver all gilt with one cover, being part of the 3 beer-pots which I bought at London, six of my best silver candlesticks which I bought of the Master of the Rolls, one dozen of silver spoons with the 12 Apostles, one standing cup of silver and gilt, one dozen of silver candlesticks and 2 cruets of silver parcel gilt which served for my chapel, and one chalice of silver all gilt and 2 little candlesticks of silver which I lately bought of the Countess of Oxford, and one casting-bottle of silver all gilt serving for sweet waters; And also I give to her the whole hanging for the parlour, and I give unto her the best tester and celure which hath been commonly used in the chief chamber, and also I give to her my best carpet of needlework which I bought of William Wilford, esquire, and two cushions of cloth of gold;»

From her portrait it does look as if Katherine Grey's daughter Mary FitzAlan, Duchess of Norfolk could have had a cleft in her chin:

MARY FITZALAN (1540-August 25, 1557)

Mary was the younger daughter of Henry Fitzalan, 12th earl of Arundel (April 23, 1512-February 24, 1580) and Katherine Grey (1512-1542). Like her sister (above), she was well-educated and several of the translations she made from Greek into Latin have been preserved. In March 1555 she married Thomas Howard, 4th duke of Norfolk (March 10, 1538-June 2, 1572). His biographer, Neville Williams, speculates that Mary remained at Arundel Place for another year, continuing her studies, before the marriage was consummated. Mary had a son, Philip (June 28, 1557-November 19, 1595) but only survived his birth by eight weeks. She was buried in St. Clement Danes on September 1, 1557. Biography: Oxford DNB entry under “Howard [née Fitzalan], Mary.” Portraits: 1555 by Hans Eworth

Mary FitzAlan – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

Portrait of Mary Fitzalan, Duchess of Norfolk by Hans Eworth (detail)

It is even more noticeable in the close-up.

Her son Philip Howard, 13th Earl of Arundel certainly had one:

Philip Howard, 13th Earl of Arundel, son of Mary FitzAlan, Duchess of Norfolk and grandson of Katherine Grey, Lady Maltravers

Mary and Anne are the only two daughters who are mentioned by name in their father's will.

Mary is singled out two times in her father's will, which was written on the 2nd of June 1530: «ALLSO I will my daughter marye have towardes hir marriage one thousand poundes so that she marye by thadvise of my wif, and after the deathe of my wif by thadvise of the more parte of myn executours [...] for lacke and defaulte of Issue male of my bodye laufully begotton I will that my doughter Marye have all and singulier my said [Manours?] londis and ten(emen)tis in the said counties of Combr and Lancastre to hur and to the heires of hur body lawfully begotton only»

She was probably dead before 1544, when she is not mentioned in the will of her brother-in-law Thomas Audley, Lord Chancellor, along with the rest of her family.

In all likehood she was probably dead before 1533, when it is written in the household accounts of Princess Mary that on Tuesday the 15th of April, the Marchioness of Dorset, lady Matravers and her two sisters came to dine, implying that at that point there were only those three Grey sisters left.

The fact that she is singled out two times by name by her father could indicate that she was the eldest daughter, though this is by no means certain.

I still put her down tentatively as eldest daughter, though.

In all probability she died between the 2nd of June 1530 when her father made his will and the 19th of November 1532, the first occasion on which her sister is named as the wife of Lord Maltravers. Since her father singles out Mary two times in his will it is exceedingly likely that she was the eldest sister, and would have been the wife of Lord Maltravers herself if she had lived.

(The Maria uxor Walteri Douoreux Vicocom’ Heref. that is listed in the Heraldic Visitations of Leicester in 1619 as the daughter of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset and Margaret Wotton, was the daughter of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquis of Dorset and Cecily Bonville and the Mary Grey who married Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford prior to 1501. She was the sister of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset, not his daughter. That Mary was the aunt of this Mary.)

Since she may have died before or shortly after Holbein's return to England and before he started painting court personalities, I hold the likelihood for the lady in the portrait being Mary less likely than it being one of her sisters.

There is also a mysterious Lady Margaret Grey that keeps appearing in many documents as very favoured by Henry VIII.

For a time I had great hopes Mary could have been a misreading Margaret.

Because a 'Lady Margaret Grey' is well-documented. She first appears as a receiver of a New Year's gift from Henry VIII in 1534. She must have been quite an important lady, because she was also in the second chariot as one of the 29 female mourners in the procession at Queen Jane Seymour's funeral.

In fact, Lady Margaret Grey is present on every list of New Year's Gifts from 1534 until 1540.

I thought that the abbreviation 'Marg.' may have been used in some document or letter or another. Handwritten, this could have been easily mistook for 'Mary'. However, Lady Margaret Grey appears to be the aunt of these girls, another of the many daughters of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquis of Dorset and Cecily Bonville.

This would make her the Margaret Grey who married Richard Wake, esquire. She is mentioned, as 'Margaret Grey', in the will of her brother, Sir John Grey, dated 3rd of March 1523. If that is the case, she married exceptionally late by the standards of the time, as she appears in the list of receivers of New Year's gifts in 1540. Nevertheless, this appears to be the case. On the list of New Year's gifts for 1541, however, Lady Margaret Grey is ominously and conspicuously missing after having been present on them since 1534, indicating perhaps a marriage taking place at this time.

She is, however, still referred to as Lady Margaret Grey in the household accounts of Princess Mary for November 1543 and for January 1544 when she gave the Princess a high collar for a partlet.

The editor of the household accounts of Princess Mary reaches the same conclusion I do and identifies her as Graye, Grey, Lady Margaret, 51, 55, 135, 144. Daughter of Thomas Grey, Marquess of Dorset, and sister to Lady Kildare. She was subsequently married to Richard Wake of Hartwell, co. Northt., whim whom she lies buried, at Rode, in the same county.

So she was another aunt to these girls, not a descendant of Margaret Wotton, and therefore not in the running to be the sitter in this portrait.

Anne Grey (d. 1548) married Sir Henry Willoughby (slain on the 27th of August 1549 during Kett's Rebellion) of Wollaton, Nottinghamshire, by whom she had two sons, Thomas (d. 1559) and Sir Francis, and a daughter, Margaret.

The Pathway to Prayer, originally composed in 1542, was later dedicated to Lady Anne Gray. It may be Lady Jane Gray's aunt, if this Anne was the third daughter of Thomas Gray, Second Marquis of Dorset,' Between request and song of hope: the horizon of prayer in Thomas Becon

However, the rest of the account is riddled with mistakes.

The dedication may very well have been to this Lady Anne Grey, however, as all of the Greys seemed strong in book learning and lacking in common sense.

However, as this Lady Anne Grey would probably have been known as Mistress Willoughby at this point, it is far more likely that the dedication is to one of her aunts by marriage. Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset had two sisters-in-law who went by Lady Anne Grey, also after having been widowed by his brothers and their subsequent remarriages.

Anne was «married by agreement dated 20 Sept. 1528.»[] Initially, I took this to mean that she was at least at the canonical age of consent of 12 at this point, and in all probability older, however, her father's will makes it clear that Anne was in fact still under the canonical age of consent of 12 nearly two years later when he wrote his will on the 2nd of June 1530.

«Allso I will that if the mariage solemnised and had betwene Anne my doughter and Henry Willowghby Esquier sonne and heire apparannt of s(ir) Edwarde Wyllowghby knyght be dyssolvid by reason and disag^r^ement of either of them at their laufull age of consent or by reason of dethe of the same Henry Willowghby and before carnall knowledge had betwene them that then the said Anne shalhave towardes hir mariage one thousand poundes sterling as hir other susters shalhave.»

Henry Willoughby was also under the canonical age of consent when the will was written, which was 14 for boys.

Ordinarily a marriage could not be contracted until the parties had reached the age of seven, but the Church found it difficult to enforce this as marriage alliances were so popular, and amended their stance on the matter to that an urgent need such as the desire for peace, not only internationally, but even between disputing landowners would be grounds for exception.

If we make the assumption, however, that both Henry Willougby and Anne Grey both were at least seven years old in compliance with the law when their marriage contract was drawn up in 1528, that means that Anne Grey was born between the 2nd of June 1518 and the 20th of September 1521 and Henry Willougby between the 2nd of June 1516 and the 20th of September 1521.

A birth of around 1520 seems to fit well for Anne Grey. Her eldest son was born around 1540, indicating that the marriage was consummated shortly before or around that time. All of the three surviving Grey sisters appear to have had their marriages consummated and their first child born when they were around 21–22 years of age.

As previously mentioned, the children born to the marriage of Lady Anne Grey and Sir Henry Willoughby were:

  • Sir Thomas Willoughby (c.1540–1559)
  • Sir Francis Willoughby (1546/7–1596)
  • Margaret Willoughby (1544-1578+), who married her second cousin and the nephew of Queen Katherine Howard Sir Matthew Arundell (c.1533 – 24 December 1598) of Wardour Castle

Sir Matthew Arundell of Wardour Castle in Wiltshire

«A member of the ancient knightly family of Arundell of Cornwall, Arundell was the son of Sir Thomas Arundell (attainted and executed in 1552) and of Margaret Howard (died 1571), a sister of Queen Katherine Howard. His maternal grandparents were Lord Edmund Howard (died 1539), the third son of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, and Joyce Culpeper (c. 1480–1531). His great aunt Elizabeth, Countess of Wiltshire, was the mother of Anne Boleyn, who was thus the first cousin of Arundell's mother as well as being the mother of Queen Elizabeth I.»

His paternal grandparents were Sir John Arundell (1474–1545) of Lanherne, St. Mawgan-in-Pyder, Cornwall, Receiver General of the Duchy of Cornwall and "the most important man in the county", by his first wife, Lady Eleanor Grey (d. by December 1503), the daughter of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquis of Dorset.

Present-day ruins of Wardour Castle

«Arundell had a younger brother, Charles, and two sisters, Dorothy and Jane. Little is known of their early lives, except that after the execution of their father in 1552 their mother took her children to live in the Holy Roman Empire, where the family used the name of Howard. For this reason, Arundell is sometimes referred to as Matthew Arundell-Howard. In 1554, two years after his father's death, when he was about twenty-one, the Arundells were "restored in blood", meaning that their father's attainder was reversed so far as it affected them, and Arundell gradually succeeded in regaining most of his father's lost estates in Dorset and Wiltshire.

Arundell had been contracted to marry Katherine, one of the daughters of Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton, but in the event she married Sir Thomas Cornwallis. In 1559 Arundell married Margaret Willoughby, a daughter of Sir Henry Willoughby, of Wollaton, Nottinghamshire, and wife Anne Grey.

As a child Margaret and her sister and brother had been taken in by Henry Grey, 3rd Marquess of Dorset, and his wife, Frances Brandon, after their father was slain in the suppression of Kett's Rebellion in 1549, and had grown up with Dorset's daughters, Lady Jane Grey, Lady Katherine Grey, and Lady Mary Grey. Margaret was present at Mary Grey's secret marriage on 16 July 1565 to the Queen's serjeant porter, Thomas Keyes, and was bequeathed a tankard of gold and silver in Mary Grey's will. As a young lady Margaret had previously served in the household of Princess Elizabeth at Hatfield House.»

Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour (1560-1639), 1580, by George Gower – The son of Margaret Willoughby and the grandson of Anne Grey

MARGARET WILLOUGHBY (1544-1578+)

Margaret Willoughby was the daughter of Henry Willoughby of Wollaton (1510-August 27, 1549) and Anne Grey (d. January 1548). Upon the death of her father, Margaret and her younger brother Francis (1546-1596) were sent to live in the household of her mother’s half brother, George Medley, at Tilty in Essex and in the Minories, London. A 1553 entry in Margaret’s account book, in her own hand, records the purchase of a pair of virginals (26s. 8d.) and payments in May and July to two different music teachers. After Wyatt’s Rebellion in 1554, the house in the Minories was searched and Medley was briefly in prison. Margaret’s uncle, Henry Grey, duke of Suffolk, and her cousin, Lady Jane Grey, were executed at that time. Margaret seems to have joined the household of the widowed duchess of Suffolk (Frances Brandon) and been with her at the court of Queen Mary, although she was only eleven at the time. The duchess was at court from July 1554 until May 1555. At Christmas 1555, still a very young girl to be a maid of honor, Margaret joined the household of Elizabeth Tudor at Hatfield. It was while she was there that John Harington wrote his poem in praise of six of Elizabeth’s gentlewomen. He calls Margaret “worthye willobe” and comments upon her “pearcing eye.” It is not clear if she stayed on after Elizabeth’s household was reorganized by order of Queen Mary in June 1556. At fifteen or sixteen, in 1559 or 1560, Margaret married Matthew Arundell of Wardour (c.1535-December 24, 1598). Their children were Thomas (1560-November 7, 1639), Catherine, and William (d. February 16, 1592). On July 16, 1565, Margaret supped with her cousin, the Lady Mary Grey, and two other gentlewomen. At nine that evening, Mary married Thomas Keyes without the queen’s permission. Margaret knew about the wedding but remained outside the chamber where it was performed so that she could say she had not actually witnessed the exchange of vows. She resumed her friendship with her cousin after the Lady Mary was released from captivity and was mentioned in Mary’s will in 1578.

Margaret Willoughby – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

The portrait of Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour (1560-1639), the son of Margaret Willoughby and grandson of Anne Grey bears a startling resemblance to that of his uncle, Sir Francis Willoughby, Anne Grey's son, and both of them to the portrait of the aging Elizabeth Grey, Lady Audley, Anne Grey's sister.

Sir Francis Willoughby, Anne Grey's son

We have here however a painting of the aging Elizabeth Grey, Lady Audley. (Note the same striking blue eyes as in the picture above of her sister's Anne's son, her nephew Sir Francis Willoughby.)

And in this painting you can clearly see the inscription A ~ 1569 * ÆTATIS * SVE * 53 *

«Age could be expressed in sixteenth century England using either of two formulae. One was "anno" or "anno suæ," meaning "in [his/her] year." By this formula, a newborn infant was "in his first year," and upon the first anniversary of his birth entered his second year, and so on. The alternate formula expressed age as "ætatis suæ," or "at his/her age of," calculated according to the annual anniversary of birth most recently achieved. "Ætatis suæ" is therefore the same as modern Western European reckonings of age, while, while "anno suæ" equals the modern reckoning plus one year.» J. Stephan Edwards, A Queen of a New Invention, p. 106

In other words, the painting was painted in 1569, when the sitter was 53 years old.

This gives us Elizabeth's birth year pretty accurately as either 1515 or 1516.

ELIZABETH GREY (c.1510-c.1564)

Elizabeth Grey was the daughter of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset (June 22, 1477-October 10, 1530) and Margaret Wotton (1487-1541). On April 22, 1538, she married Thomas, baron Audley of Walden (1488-April 30, 1544). They had two daughters, Margaret (1539-January 10, 1564) and Mary. In her widowhood, Elizabeth lived at Audley End, near Saffron Walden. Her daughter Margaret, who had married the duke of Norfolk, came to her there to give birth to each of her children. According to the catalog of an exhibit of works by Hans Holbein, Elizabeth married Sir George Norton in 1549 and died before her daughter, but other sources, including Neville Williams’s biography of Thomas, 4th duke of Norfolk, say she looked after her grandchildren from the time of her daughter’s death until Norfolk remarried in 1567. Portraits: Holbein sketch at Windsor c.1540; miniature (watercolor on vellum) c.1540; portrait said to be Lady Audley in the 1560s and attributed to John Bettes the Younger.

Elizabeth Grey – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

She was probably the child born prior to the eldest son Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, who was born on the 12th of January 1517. This means that the birth year of 1510 above is wrong. It is probably based on the fact that we know her parents were married in 1509. Since we know that they had eight children and that their eldest son was born in 1517, it is not an unreasonable assumption that they had a few daughters prior to this and the eldest soon after the wedding.

Since Elizabeth is the most famous daughter, thanks to the miniature by Holbein, it would make sense that she was also the eldest daughter (something that carried great distinction in Tudor times).

It would, however, make sense if Katherine was elder than Elizabeth. Katherine's husband was an earl, higher in status than Elizabeth's husband, who was a baron. Also, Katherine was in the household of Princess Mary from 1525 until 1533 when it was dissolved, also perhaps indicating a greater age than Elizabeth. Katherine was in the household of Princess Mary from 1525 until 1533 when it was dissolved, also perhaps indicating a greater age than Elizabeth. Furthermore, Katherine was married in 1532, six years before Elizabeth's marriage in 1538. 

Katherine's birth year on Wikipedia is probably a result of the same kind of conjecture as for Elizabeth's birth year, and while often reliable, is not proof positive.

'The rule of thumb' for arranged marriages for aristocratic girls was that the eldest girl got the best match, though one of course wanted the best possible matches for all of one's daughters, and that they were married in the order of their birth (though there are of course exceptions).

Nor was it talk of a lengthy engagement for Elizabeth, as her groom up until a few months before he married her had been married to someone else.

Nicola Tallis, in her book Crown of Blood: The Deadly Inheritance of Lady Jane Grey, makes the following the statement regarding Mary's relationship with the Greys, and Katherine, Lady Maltravers, in particular:

«During the years of estrangement from her father it is unlikely that Mary saw much of her cousin Frances. Prior to the disbanding of her household, Mary's accounts for the beginning of 1533 reveal that she did, however, spend time with Henry Grey and his family. Despite their apparent loyalty to Anne Boleyn, they had evidently managed to retain good relations with Mary, for not only was Henry's sister Katherine, Lady Maltravers, a member of Mary's household, but Mary's accounts demonstrate that Henry and his mother came to dine with her at Otford in June. By this time plans for his marriage to Frances were well underway, and it is certainly possible that Henry discussed these with Mary, who would have taken a keen interest in her cousin's impending wedding.»

Margaret Audley, Duchess of Norfolk (1540 – 9 January 1564)

Margaret Audley, Duchess of Norfolk

1562

Hans Eworth

Item, I give to every of my Lord Marquess’ younger brethren twenty pounds apiece to buy either of them a great horse;

Item, I will that mine executors make two rings of gold, flat hoops, every of them of the value of five marks, and I will that my Lady Frances have one of them and my Lady Anne, my wife’s sister, another;

Also I will that mine executors shall make five rings of gold, every ring thereof(?) of the value of twenty shillings, whereof I will that my Lady Guildford have one

And I desire and pray my good Lord, the Lord Marquess Dorset, and my loving friend, Sir William Herbert, knight, to be my supervisors and to help my wife and executors in their lawful suits, and I bequeath to my said Lord Marquess twenty pounds and to the said Sir William Herbert ten pounds, praying them to accept this as a remembrance of a poor man.

Thomas Audley, Chancellor. Henry Dorset,

The will of Thomas Audley

William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke – He was knighted in 1544.

The Greys of Dorset

All sources I have thus come across agree that Margaret Wotton and Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset, had four sons and four daughters.

Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset, mentions only two daughters by name in his will of 2nd of June 1530, Mary and Anne. He does not exclude the rest of them:

«ALLSO I will that every other of my daughters that be not maried at the tyme of my decease have to wardes their mariage one thousand poundes so that thei be maried by thadvise of my wiff And after the deathe of my said wiffe by thadvise of my executours»

But Mary and Anne are the only two daughters mentioned by name.

Mary is singled out two times in her father's will: «ALLSO I will my daughter marye have towardes hir marriage one thousand poundes so that she marye by thadvise of my wif, and after the deathe of my wif by thadvise of the more parte of myn executours [...] for lacke and defaulte of Issue male of my bodye laufully begotton I will that my doughter Marye have all and singulier my said [Manours?] londis and ten(emen)tis in the said counties of Combr and Lancastre to hur and to the heires of hur body lawfully begotton only»

Anne was «married by agreement dated 20 Sept. 1528»[] and is mentioned in terms of that marriage. Anne was still under the canonical age of consent of 12 nearly two years later when her father wrote his will on the 2nd of June 1530:

«Allso I will that if the mariage solemnised and had betwene Anne my doughter and Henry Willowghby Esquier sonne and heire apparannt of s(ir) Edwarde Wyllowghby knyght be dyssolvid by reason and disag^r^ement of either of them at their laufull age of consent or by reason of dethe of the same Henry Willowghby and before carnall knowledge had betwene them that then the said Anne shalhave towardes hir mariage one thousand poundes sterling as hir other susters shalhave.»

Katherine and Elizabeth we know of from other sources.

Katherine was one of the ladies who accompanied Princess Mary Tudor into Wales in 1525 and received a quantity of black velvet. She remained in the Princess's household until it was dissolved in 1533. Katherine was married to Henry FitzAlan between September and the 19th of November 1532, the first occasion on which Katherine is named as the wife of Lord Maltravers. They had three children, Jane or Joan (b.1536-7), Henry (b.1538) and Mary (b.1540). The fact that Katherine was chosen as a companion to the Princess could indicate that she was about the same age as Mary Tudor, born in 1514-1515, a year or two after her sister Elizabeth. The fact that her marriage was not consummated right away further seems to indicate a later birth year.

Elizabeth we know was born either in 1515 or 1516.

He does, however, list all of his four sons, in the following order, Henry, Thomas, Edward and John.

  • Mary Grey (c. 1510–1530+), died young. She was born between 1509, when her parents married, and 1530, when her father mentions her in his will.[1] Probably dead before 1544, when her brother-in-law Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, the Lord Chancellor, does not make a mention of her in his will.[2] Probably dead before 1533, when it written in the household accounts of Princess Mary that «on Tuesday, 15 April, the marchioness of Dorset, lady Matravers and her two sisters, with others» came to dine with the Princess, implying that at that point there were only three Grey sisters left. In all probability she died between the 2nd of June 1530 when her father made his will and the 19th of November 1532, the first occasion on which her sister is named as the wife of Lord Maltravers. Since her father singles out Mary two times in his will it is exceedingly likely that she was the eldest sister, and would have been the wife of Lord Maltravers herself if she had lived. If Mary were the eldest sister, as seems probable, she was likely born around or not long after 1510, as we know that her younger sister Elizabeth was born in 1515/6, and there was another sister between them in age.

 

  • Katherine Grey, Lady Maltravers, second daughter (d. 1 May 1542[3]), who married Henry Fitzalan, 19th Earl of Arundel, by whom she had issue.

 

  • Elizabeth Grey, Lady Audley (1515/6–1569+), who married firstly Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden by whom she had two daughters, Margaret Audley, Duchess of Norfolk and Mary (d.c.1546 in Hendon Middlesex[4]); she married secondly, George Norton[5].

 

  • Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk (12 January 1517 – 23 February 1554), who married Lady Frances Brandon, by whom he had three daughters: Lady Jane Grey, Lady Katherine Grey and Lady Mary Grey. Executed for treason, together with his eldest daughter, Lady Jane Grey, and younger brother, Lord Thomas Grey, for having participated in Thomas Wyatt's rebellion in 1554

 

  • Anne Grey, Lady Willougby, born after 1518, (d.1548), who married Sir Henry Willoughby (slain 27 August 1549 during Kett's Rebellion) of Wollaton, Nottinghamshire, by agreement dated 20th September 1528, by whom she had two sons, Thomas (c.1540–1559) and Sir Francis (1546/7–1596), and a daughter, Margaret (1544-1578+).

 

  • Lord Thomas Grey, second son[6] (1526(?) – 27 April 1554[7]), who was executed together with his brother, Henry, and niece, Jane, for having participated in Thomas Wyatt's rebellion in 1554. Two days before his brother's execution, Lord Thomas was brought to the Tower after being captured at Oswestry, after laying for some time in concealment. On the 27th of April he was beheaded on Tower Hill. His body was buried at Allhallows Barking.[8] He had an illegitimate daughter named Margaret Grey or Lenton[9], probably by Elizabeth Lenton[10], the daughter of John Lenton and later the wife of John Danett. Margaret married John Astley, Master of the Queen’s Jewel House by a license dated October 13, 1565. John Astley's first wife had been Katherine Champernowne, Elizabeth I's beloved Kat Ashley. By him Margaret had a son, Sir John Astley, two other sons, and three daughters, Margaret, Bridget and Eleanor.

 

  • Edward Grey, third son[11]. Born between 1517 when his eldest brother was born and 1530 when his father mentions him in his will. Dead before Thomas Wyatt's rebellion in 1554.

 

  • Lord John Grey of Pirgo, fourth son[12] (1523(?) – 19 November 1564[13])

Notes

[1] The will of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset

[2] The Prerogative Court of Canterbury copy of the will, dated 19 April 1544 and proved 18 February 1546, of Thomas Audley (1487/8–1544), Lord Chancellor

[3] Fitzalan, Henry, twelfth earl of Arundel (1512–1580) – Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

[4] The history of Audley End. To which are appended notices of the town and parish of Saffron Walden in the county of Essex (1836) by Richard Griffin, 2nd Baron Braybrooke (1783-1858)

[5] T

[6] The will of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset

[7] «On the 27th of April, the Lord Thomas Grey, Brother to the Duke of Suffok, was beheaded on Tower Hill» History of England, Volume 1 by John Oldmixon (1739), Confirmed executions at the Tower of London, John Foxe's the Acts and Monuments Online, Luminarium: Encyclopedia Project, Notes and queries (gives the wrong year), the mistake probably comes from Burke's Peerages (1826), which gets the year of death wrong, 1555 instead of 1554, for all three members of the Grey family of Dorset executed that year. The updated Burke's Peerages (1839) has changed the year to 1554-5. «The unhappy father suffered soon after his eldest dau., 23 Feb. 1554-5, and his brother, Thomas, 27 April following.» The whole quotes makes it clear that that Thomas was executed two months after his brother, i.e. in 1554. Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 23 Grey, Henry (d.1554) by Emily Tennyson Bradley confirms this: «On 26 Jan. 1554 the duke and his brothers, Thomas and John [...] Lord Thomas fled to Wales, where he was taken two months later, and executed on 27 April.»

[8] «LORD THOMAS GREY, 1554. When the Duke of Suffolk, the father of Lady Jane Grey, was guilty of his second and fatal attempt at insurrection in 1553-4,* his brothers, Lord Thomas and Lord John Grey, were involved in the responsibility. The latter was subsequently pardoned. The Duke was beheaded on the 23rd of February, 1553-4; two days before which date Lord Thomas had been brought to the Tower, having been captured at Oswestry, after lying for some time in concealment. On the 27th of April he was beheaded on Tower Hill, when his body was buried at Allhallows Barking»

«* In the notes to The Chronicle of Queen Jane and Queen Mary, edited by me for the Camden Society, in 1850, were first published some particulars relating to this occurrence, derived from documents in the State Paper Office. (J.G.N.)»

Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society Volume II

[9] MARGARET GREY (d.1601)

Margaret Grey, also called Margaret Lenton, was the illegitimate daughter of Lord Thomas Grey (x.1554), third son of the marquess of Dorset. By a license dated October 13, 1565, she married Sir John Astley, Master of the Queen’s Jewel House (c.1507-August 1, 1596). They had three sons, John, William, and Francis, and three daughters. In a letter dated November 12, 1590, Margaret complained to her cousin, Vincent Skinner, that she could no longer use Astley’s lodgings in the Tower of London because of a new ban by the Privy Council on the residence of women there. In another letter to Skinner, in 1590, during an Exchequer suit over Astley’s Allingham property, she wrote: “It will shorten Mr. Astley’s life to see the son of a Welsh cobbler prevail against him by craft.” Under Astley’s will, Margaret kept the “great house” at Maidstone but she was forbidden to cut down trees on the estates. As executrix she also had the responsibility to procure a discharge for the Crown Jewels. In 1593, Edmund Southerne dedicated his A Treatise concerning the right use and ordering of Bees to her. One source says that a poem, “The Wizard: A Kentish Tale,” commemorated her death, but this was written in 1805 (Sir Edward Brydges, Censura literaria) and although it praises “fairest Margaret,” it goes on to say that “many a day Didst thou Eliza’s favor sway,” which seems to be a reference to Astley’s first wife, Katherine Champernowne.

Margaret Grey – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

Sir John Astley (1565-1639), the son of Margaret Grey

[10] ELIZABETH LENTON (d.c.1562)

Elizabeth Lenton was probably the daughter of John Lenton, but nothing further is known of her background. She married John Danet (Dannet/Dannatt/Dannett) in about 1553 and between 1554 and 1562 they were involved in a series of court cases against Richard Mytton in an attempt to claim a grant made to Elizabeth by Queen Mary of the possessions of Lord Thomas Grey, a traitor, at the time of his capture by Mytton. Mytton claimed the right to keep them for himself, since Grey had been captured (in February 1554) in Oswestry in the liberty of the earl of Arundel, whose officer Mytton was. The contested possessions included £200, two jeweled rings (one of gold with a ruby), a suit of mail, and at least one horse. No outcome of the case is recorded. Elizabeth and John had no children. It is unclear why Queen Mary granted her Grey’s possessions.

Elizabeth Lenton – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

[11] The will of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset

[12] The will of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset

[13] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Genealogical Publishing Com, 30 July 2005, p. 392, Prerogative Court of Canterbury copy of the will, dated 17 November 1564 and proved 29 January 1565, of Lord John Grey (d. 19 November 1564) of Pyrgo (in Havering), Essex; The Will of Lord John Grey of Pirgo

Katherine Grey, Lady Maltravers

159. Portrait of a Lady with clasped hands, and an agate brooch attached to her cap.

This portrait is probably the one recorded in the Arundel collection in 1655.

It listed under paintings by Holbein.

The Life, Correspondence & Collections of Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel by Mary Frederica Sophia Hervey

https://archive.org/details/lifecorresponden00herviala/page/480

The fact that it is in a German museum today strengthens this supposition, that it, like the Jane Seymour by Holbein listed shortly after it and today in Vienna, never found its way home again.

Jane Seymour by Hans Holbein the Younger

Jane Seymour by Workshop of Hans Holbein the Younger (Royal Picture Gallery Mauritshuis)

No portrait of Katherine Grey, Lady Maltravers, is recorded in the Lumley Collection.

That in itself is odd, as the collection contains portraits of practically every distant relative the FitzAlan-Lumleys had, as well as cupious portraits of themselves. John Lumley, 1st Baron Lumley, is richly represented, as is his father-in-law, Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel, from whom a lot of the nucleus of the collection was inherited, Jane FitzAlan, Lady Lumley, his first wife and the daughter of Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel, has two portraits, as far as I can gather, Lord Maltravers, the son of Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel, who died young, is represented, Mary FitzAlan, Duchess of Norfolk, who died at sixteen, is included, the second wife of Lord Lumley, the second wife of Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel, heaps of their relations through the Grey connection, Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset, the Guildfords, Lady Jane Grey, Lady Jane Grey's sister Katherine, the Willoughbys – Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby.

And yet not one of Katherine Grey, Lady Maltravers.

Was such a painting simply not created? For a woman we know whose mother and sister we know were painted by Holbein? Whose aunt and uncle were early patrons of the same? A woman whose husband was a great patron of the arts, had himself painted multiple times, by multiple artists, including Holbein, and had an art collection that practically included his wife's entire family tree?

Well, we do know that the painting did not end up with her daughter Jane Lumley. Because Jane Lumley's widower (and the main beneficiary of her father's will) handily had his entire portrait collection inventorised in 1590. Katherine's only son died young and childless.

But there was another daughter.

Mary FitzAlan, Duchess of Norfolk.

She married Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk in 1555. Theirs was the great social event of the spring of 1555 - 'all the Council being busy' over Norfolk's wedding, the business of government slowed to a standstill.[]

The bride was only 15. Is it possible, when she quitted her father's house, she brought with her (with or without – as children sometimes do – her father's permission) her mother's portrait?

I think it would have been normal to feel nervous in such a situation. And most of us, when we are nervous, like to surround ourselves with tokens of loved ones.

Or she may have simply wanted it. Her mother's portrait.

Mary FitzAlan (1540 – 23/25 August 1557) had one child, Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel (28 June 1557 – 19 October 1595), Philip had two children, Elizabeth (1584 – 1600), who appears to have died young and childless, and Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel (7 July 1586 – 4 October 1646) – who was in possession of this painting.

The inventory of his paintings was conducted in 1655, nearly a decade after his death. It was also after his wife's death. It is fully possible that the lady's identity was lost then. 

The Saint Louis Art Museum's description of their portrait of Mary, Lady Guildford contains the following information: «Thomas Howard's 1641 will contains an inventory of his collection. There is a reference to "Two pictures, the one a yong Man at large, leaning upon his sword, the other of a Girle" [Cust, Lionel. "Notes on the Collection Formed by Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel." "Burlington Magazine." 20 no. 104 (November 1911), p. 98]. It is possible that this refers to the SLAM picture and its companion. Listed in the "Inventory of pictures, etc.»

If this description refers to the paintings of Sir Henry Guildford and Mary, Lady Guildford, they were also his kin, and their identities had been lost between the Lumley inventory of 1590 and his will in 1641, it is equally possible that if he indeed did inherit this painting, its identity was lost somewhere between the premature death of Mary FitzAlan at age 16 in 1557, and the imprisonment from 1585 to his death in 1595 of her son Philip.

At the passing of Philip, all of Katherine Grey, Lady Maltravers's immediate family was gone.

Of the ones who had survived the events of 1554, her brother John died in 1564, her sister Elizabeth sometime around 1569, her widower Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel in 1580, all of their children predeceasing him.

Even distant family members who might have remembered Lady Jane Grey, or her sister Elizabeth Grey, Lady Audley, would probably not have remembered the appearance of Katherine Grey, Lady Maltravers, because she died so early, on the 1st of May 1542.

Equally, Queen Mary I Tudor, Frances Aylmer, and all of the others she had served with in the Princess's household were probably all gone by then.

It has to be said, though, that Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, was an avid collector of Holbein, with a virulent interest in the artist. «The work of Holbein appealed to Lord Arundel with peculiar force; and ultimately formed one of the chief glories of his collection. It was his special hobby; he spoke of it himself, as early as 1619, as his 'foolish curiosity in enquiringe for the peeces of Holbein'.» Hans Holbein the Younger: A Guide to Research by Erika Michael

This interest was precisely because, however, Holbein had portrayed so many of his family.

Perhaps it was not so odd for him to look backwards. Apart from his mother he had no immediate family until his marriage. His grandparents on both sides were gone. His sister died young. He had lost both his father and his grandfather to the crown.

There is in this regard furthermore one entry that is interesting to us in the Arundel inventory:

419. Portrait of the Countess of Arundel, mother of the "old Earl."

This appears to be a portrait of Lady Ann Percy, daughter of Henry, fourth Earl of Northumberland, and mother of Henry Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel, often known as the "old Earl."

Does this not seem like something her own son, the art collector, would have wanted to possess for himself?

And yet there is no record of it in the Lumley collection.

Could Mary FitzAlan have absconded with more pictures?

Or some family paintings were left directly by his grandfather Henry Fitzalan, 19th Earl of Arundel to his grandson Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel.

Provenance: 1685 Prague; Detected in the gallery in 1783

 

«Lord Arundel also possessed several works which so far have not been traced, though the titles may help towards their future rediscovery. Among them is a portrait said to be of Holbein's wife, which is most probably the picture at the Hague; one of a lady "con gli mani giunti e un agato atacato al beretino"; another of a lady, aged 40, with the inscription, "In all things, Lord, thy wilbe fulfilled"; the portrait of a musician; one of an armed man, which may possibly be the portrait of Sir Nicholas Carew ; the portrait of the goldsmith Hans of Zurich ; the Death's-head and bones already referred to in speaking of Ambrosius Holbein; a picture of gamblers or people playing games (" un quad- retto con divers figure Jocatori, &c."); another with the title " Legge Vecchio & Nove " (ancient and modern law); and the Arms of Eng- land in water-colours. Before his relations could interfere Lord Stafford had sold a number of pictures to the Spanish Ambassador in London, to Eberhard Jabach, of Cologne, and to the agent of the Archduke Leopold, and this may account for the fact that certain of them remained abroad, such as the Jane Seymour and Dr. Chamber in Vienna, and the Thomas and John Godsalve in Dresden.» Hans Holbein the younger by Arthur Bensley Chamberlain

We have already found the lady con gli mani giunti e un agato atacato al beretino, Portrait of a Lady with clasped hands, and an agate brooch attached to her cap.

From the start it has been my guess that this too was one of the portraits that got left behind in foreign parts after the death of the Arundels.

There is clearly no inscription on it. Equally clearly it is the work of Holbein. It even looks like she is wearing one of the medallions created by Holbein, though that specific design has not survived.

It is probably the one registered in the Arundel collection as entry 184 under works by Holbein as simply A Portrait.

The provenance of the portrait further strengthens this supposition. The painting is first registered as early in 1685 Prague, not many years after the passing of Alathea Talbot, Countess of Arundel in 1655, when the collection was dispersed.

The entire time I have been researching the first portrait I have kept mixing it up with this one.

I don't mix up paintings, or photographs, so this has been a source of great annoyance to me.

And then, when I once again mixed them up, nearly linking to one when I meant the other, it suddenly struck me: Could it be that I kept mixing them up because they were in fact the same woman?

Separated by ten years and the birth of three children?

Could this also be a portrait of Katherine Grey, Lady Maltravers?

 

Mary Wotton, Lady Guildford. Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset's sister.

In his will in 1523 Robert Wotton leaves to his «daughter Mary to hir mariage one hundred pounds st wherof to be in redy money thre scor/ pounds st whiche is redy in a Bagge for her And for the residue xl£ I will that she shalhave the/ Avo serplers of wolle standing in my wolle house at Caleis whiche ii Serplers I bought for her/ purposly and they dyd cost me at the first bying xlii£ st Item I geve and bequeth to my said/ Daughter Mary the Cheyne of gold w[ith] a Crosse of gold to the same that was my wifs»

Mary clearly put her surplus of wool to good use, because by 1527 she had married Sir Henry Guildford, comptroller of the royal household.

 

 

When did Margaret Wotton die?

Margaret Wotton: Unnatural Mother

 

The Wottons of Boughton Malherbe in Kent

MARY WOTTON (1499-1543+)

Mary Wotton was the daughter of Sir Robert Wotton of Boughton Malherbe, Kent (1465-1524), and Anne Belknap (d. before 1524). She may have been the Mistress Wotton who was a chamberer to Mary Tudor, queen of France, in 1513. She married Sir Henry Guildford (1489-1532) and was his executrix. She received a release from all her obligations to the king on March 25, 1533 but was still deeply in debt in 1535 when she wrote to Lord Cromwell on the subject. In July 1540, she married Sir Gavin (Gawen/Gawain) Carew of Exeter and Wood, Devon (c.1503-1583). She was at court in 1543 as one of Queen Katherine Parr’s ladies. Carew remarried by December 1565. Portraits: a sketch by Holbein in Basle; portrait by Holbein (1527) in the St. Louis Art Museum; Holbein’s sketch of two women at the Tudor court, c.1527, now in the British Museum, may be another preliminary study for this portrait.

Mary Wotton – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

Mary Wotton, Lady Guildford was the receiver of New Year's Day's gifts from the King in 1538, 1540 and 1541.

She was also given a ring in the will of her nephew-in-law, Thomas Audley, Lord Chancellor, who was married to her niece Elizabeth Grey, Lady Audley.

Also I will that mine executors shall make five rings of gold, every ring thereof of the value of twenty shillings, whereof I will that my Lady Guildford have one

The will of Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, Lord Chancellor was dated the 19th of April 1544, two days before he would resign the great seal on the 21st of April. He passed on the 30th.

To his daughter Margaret Robert Wotton left a ring of gold with a turquoise.

Item I geve/ and bequeth to my daughter Margaret the lady Marques Dorsset my Ryng of gold with a Turkes/ to pray for me

Blank space

Blank space

Nicholas Wotton, the brother of Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset

Nicholas Wotton was one of the three-man delegation sent to Cleves In March 1539 to negotiate the ill-fated marriage between Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves and to establish a defensive league with the German princes.

By late summer the ambassadors had achieved success, and Hans Holbein the younger was commissioned to paint a portrait of Anne, which Wotton swore was a faithful representation of her.

Spartacus Educational – Nicholas Wotton

Wotton had however earlier expressed serious reservations about the match: «she (Anne of Cleves) occupieth her time most with the needle... She can read and write her own language but of French, Latin or other language she hath none... she cannot sing, nor play any instrument, for they take it here in Germany for a rebuke and an occasion of lightness that great ladies should be learned or have any knowledge of music.»

The couple did not share a common language. Henry VIII could speak in English, French and Latin but not in German.

Wotton also pointed out that she «had none of the social skills so prized at the English court: she could not play a musical instrument or sing – she came from a culture that looked down on the lavish celebrations and light-heartedness that were an integral part of King Henry's court».

Portrait of a Woman 

sometimes identified as the Duchess of Suffolk

C.1560

British School, 16th Century

 

'The sitter has been linked tentatively to Frances Brandon, Duchess of Suffolk. A portrait at Petworth (see Collins Baker, 'Catalogue of the Petworth Collection of Pictures', 1920) appears to represent the same woman on a larger scale and is inscribed with the date 1560 and the sitter's age (24). Another version of the portrait is in the Duke of Sutherland's collection.'

 

Lady Jane Grey

 

Lady Katherine Grey "The La Kathe'/ Graye. / Wyfe of Therle of / Hertford" is inscribed on the reverse of this miniature by Levina Teerlinc, c. 1560

 

Lady Katherine Grey with her elder son Edward, Lord Beauchamp

 

Lady Katherine Grey with her elder son Edward, Lord Beauchamp

 

There is no 

 

Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset

1532–1535

After Hans Holbein the Younger

 

Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset

1532–1535

After Hans Holbein the Younger

 

Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset

1532–1535

After Hans Holbein the Younger

 

 

 

Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset

1532–1535

After Hans Holbein the Younger

 

 

 

Elizabeth Grey, Lady Audley

C. 1538

Hans Holbein the Younger 

 

Margaret Wotton was the daughter of Sir Robert Wotton (1455-1519) of Boughton Malkerte, Kent and Anne Belknap (b.1460); married first William Medley, and second in 1509, Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset (1477-1530)

 

No picture is currently known of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk. The above picture is not Henry Grey. It is a misattributed print after a portrait of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester.

Nicola Tallis, in her book Crown of Blood: The Deadly Inheritance of Lady Jane Grey, describes him as «self-indulgent, lazy and incredibly naïve.»

Portrait of Katherine Grey in the Astor Wing at Hever Castle

This beautiful painting of Lady Katherine Grey and her son Edward, Lord Beauchamp, is located at Hever Castle and taken by Tamise at the Lady Jane Grey Reference Guide.

Called Katherine Grey, Countess of Hertford by Follower of Marcus Gheerarts the Younger

Called Katherine Grey, Countess of Hertford

KATHERINE GREY (August 1540-January 27, 1568)

Lady Katherine Grey was the middle daughter of Henry Grey, 3rd marquis of Dorset and duke of Suffolk (January 12, 1517-February 23, 1554) and Frances Brandon (July 16, 1517-November 20, 1559). By the time she was eight, Katherine was studying Greek, although she was not as clever as her older sister, Lady Jane Grey. In May and June of 1549, riots and rebellion came close to Bradgate Manor in Leicestershire, the Grey family seat, while the family was in residence there. On November 26 of that year, during a stay at Tilty in Essex, all three girls were taken to visit Mary Tudor, the king’s sister, at Beaulieu. In February the family was at Dorset House on the Strand. On May 25, 1553, at age twelve, Katherine was married to Henry Herbert (1540-January 19, 1601), the earl of Pembroke’s heir. Although the marriage was not to be consummated, Katherine was sent to live in Pembroke’s London residence, Baynard’s Castle. When the plan to put Katherine’s sister, Lady Jane Grey, on the throne of England in place of Mary Tudor failed, Katherine’s marriage was annulled. Her sister and father were executed after Wyatt’s Rebellion a few months later. In April 1554, with her mother and younger sister, Katherine was living at Beaumanor, near Bradgate, but in July her mother was called to court to join the Queen’s Privy Chamber and her surviving daughters went with her. Under both Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth, Katherine lived at court, possibly serving as a maid of honor, although she had her own room, personal servants, and both dogs and monkeys as pets. She was considered by many to be heiress presumptive and as such was not, by law, allowed to marry without the queen’s permission. Katherine spent the summer of 1558, when there was sickness (probably influenza) at court, at Hanworth in Middlesex with the Seymour family. It is at that time that her romance with Edward Seymour, earl of Hertford (1539-April 6, 1621) is said to have begun. In November or December 1560, Katherine secretly married him. When the marriage was discovered the following summer, both parties were imprisoned in the Tower. There Katherine gave birth to her son Edward (September 24, 1561-1639). Sympathetic jailers allowed the young couple to meet and the result was a second son, Thomas (February 10, 1563-1619). Because of the threat of plague in London, Katherine and her younger son were removed from the Tower and sent to her uncle, Lord John Grey, at Pirgo in Essex, arriving there on September 3, 1563. With them were the baby’s nurse, three ladies-in-waiting, and two manservants. Hertford and their older son were sent to his mother, the duchess of Somerset, at Hanworth. Katherine never saw either of them again. She was moved to Sir William Petre’s house of Ingatestone, Essex in the autumn of 1564. That same year, Hertford was removed from Hanworth and placed with Sir John Mason. When Mason died in April 1566, Hertford remained with his widow in London for a time, then was transferred to the keeping of Sir Richard Spencer. Three-year-old Lord Beauchamp remained with his grandmother. In May 1566, when Sir William Petre fell ill, Katherine was moved a few miles east of Ingatestone Hall to Gosfield Hall, the house of Sir John Wentworth. Wentworth was 76 and his wife was 71, but their plea that they were too old to act as warders was ignored. Wentworth died in late September 1567, after which Katherine and her son were moved to Sir Owen Hopton’s house, Cockfield Hall, in Yoxford, Suffolk. It was there she died, probably of tuberculosis, although the theory has been advanced that she starved herself to death. Her younger son was then sent to join his brother. Katherine was buried at Yoxford, but in 1621, following Hertford’s death, Katherine’s grandson, the surviving male heir, had her body moved to Salisbury Cathedral and buried with her husband. Biographies: Hester W. Chapman’s Two Tudor Portraits and Leanda De Lisle’s The Sisters Who Would Be Queen; Oxford DNB entry under “Seymour [née Grey], Katherine.” Portraits: There are three possible portraits, a miniature of her as a child, c.1549-50; a portrait by Marcus Gheeraerts; and a portrait with her son, c.1561-2. There are at least seven extant copies of the latter, which were painted for propaganda purposes. Some have been misidentified as other Tudor women by biographers. Katherine’s effigy, together with Edward’s, is in Salisbury Cathedral, although the date of her death on that monument is mistakenly given as 1563.

Katherine Grey – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

MARY GREY (1545-April 20, 1578)

Lady Mary Grey was the youngest daughter of Henry Grey, 3rd marquis of Dorset and duke of Suffolk (January 12, 1517-February 23, 1554) and Frances Brandon (July 16, 1517-November 20, 1559). When her sisters were married on May 25, 1553, the Lady Mary was betrothed to Arthur, Lord Grey of Wilton, a man much older than she. The betrothal was called off when Queen Mary prevented Lady Jane Grey from claiming the throne. Mary Grey was at court with her mother and sister Katherine from July 1554 until May 1555 and then left with her mother when Frances remarried. She was a maid of honor under Queen Elizabeth and, like her sister Katherine, fell out of favor for marrying without the queen’s permission. Lady Mary was reportedly only a little over four feet tall with red hair, freckles, and enough of a physical deformity to be nicknamed “Crouchback Mary.” On July 16, 1565, at Whitehall Palace, she married Thomas Keyes of St. Radigund’s, Kent (d.before September 5, 1571), the queen’s Sergeant Porter. Keyes was 6’6″ tall, a widower twice Mary’s age who had several children by his first wife. The wedding was secret but not clandestine. The date was chosen because most of the court would be at another wedding, that of Henry Knollys and Margaret Cave, at Durham House. As many as eleven people witnessed the ceremony, including Keyes’s brother, Edward, and one of Keyes’s sons. When the queen heard about the marriage, on August 21st, she sent Keyes to Fleet Prison in London and dispatched the Lady Mary to Chequers, the Buckinghamshire house of Sir William Hawtrey. She was allowed only one groom and one waiting woman. On August 7, 1567, she was transferred to the care of her step-grandmother, Katherine Willoughby, dowager duchess of Suffolk, who was then at her house in the Minories in London. The duchess was shocked to find that Mary had few possessions and that what she had was in very poor condition. Mary’s husband, meanwhile, was rleased from prison after three years but was forbidden to see her. In June 1569, the Lady Mary was moved to the London house of Sir Thomas Gresham in Bishopsgate, where she spent much of her time locked in a room with her books. She remained there until May of 1572, when she was at last set free. Keyes had died and Mary was no longer considered a threat. Initially, she went to stay with her late mother’s second husband, Adrian Stokes, at Beaumanor in Leicestershire. By February 1573, she had purchased a house in St. Botolph’s-Without-Aldgate, London. She wanted to raise her husband’s children, but she was denied permission to do so. She did remain on friendly terms with them. In 1577, she spent Christmas at Hampton Court. She made her will on April 17, 1578 and died three days later in her London house. In her library were copies of the Bible, John Foxe’s Book of Martyrs, Latimer’s Sermons, books by Whitgift, Luther, Cartwright, and Knox, D. Cradocke’s The Ship of Assured Safety, The Book of Common Prayer, a Psalter, and a book of Psalms. She was buried on May 14 in Westminster Abbey on the queen’s orders and shared her mother’s tomb. She has no marker or monument of her own. Biographies: Leanda De Lisle’s The Sisters Who Would Be Queen; Oxford DNB entry under “Keys [née Grey], Mary.” Portraits: Only one seems to exist, dated 1571.

Mary Grey – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

'...according to the Queen's commandment, on Friday at night last, Master Hawtry brought my Lady Mary to the Minories to me, even as I was appointed to have gone to Greenwich... All the stuff that I had left me when I came from the other side of the sea, and all that I have since scraped for and gotten together, will not sufficiently furnish our houses in Lincolnshire... Wherefor I was fain to declare the same lack of stuff to Master Hawtry, praying him that my lady's stuff might come before [her] for the dressing up of her chamber. But would God you had seen what stuff it is... She hath nothing but an old livery feather bed, all to-torn and full of patches, without either bolster or counterpaine, but two old pillows, the one longer than the other, an old quilt of silk, so torn as the cotton of it comes out ...

Wherefor I pray you heartily, consider of this, and if you shall think it meet [proper], be a means for her to the Queen's majesty, that she might have the furniture of one chamber for herself and her maid; and she and I will play the good housewives, and make shift with her old bed for her man. Also I would, if I durst, beg further some old silver pots to fetch her drink in, and two little cups to drink in, one for beer, another for wine... I cannot yet, since she came, get her to eat, in all [in so much as] that she hath eaten now these two days not so much as a chicken's leg. She makes me even afraid of her [life]... And so I end my long begging letter...' Katherine Willoughby, Duchess of Suffolk – Tudor Place

Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk (c.1484-1545)

C.1530

Master of the Brandon Portrait

 

Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, was Frances Brandon's father, and Lady Jane Grey's grandfather.

 

Mary, Lady Monteagle (1510-before 1544)

C.1538-40

Hans Holbein the Younger

 

Mary Brandon, Baroness Monteagle, was Frances Brandon's older half-sister. They were raised together.

 

Called Mary Zouch (?)

C.1532-40

Hans Holbein the Younger

 

'A portrait drawing of a woman, possibly Mary Zouch, who served as a lady-in-waiting to Queen Jane Seymour. A bust length portrait facing to the front. She wears a necklace and medallion, and holds a flower. Annotated by the artist on the bodice: black felbet (black velvet). Inscribed in an eighteenth-century hand at upper left: M Souch. Annotated by the artist on the bodice: black felbet (black velvet). The inscription possibly identifies the sitter as Mary Zouch, who became lady-in-waiting to Henry VIII’s third wife, Jane Seymour. It has also been suggested that it shows Anne Gainsford, lady-in-waiting to the King’s second wife Anne Boleyn, whose married name was Zouche. Holbein paid careful attention to the sitter’s dress, noting that her bodice was of black velvet (‘felbet’) and recording the ornament on her headdress.'

 

Neither of these identifications have ever made sense to me. The fashion is all wrong for the time either Mary Zouch or Anne Gainsford would have been favoured ladies-in-waiting. The fashion is more Katherine Howard than Jane Seymour or Anne Boleyn.

 

Jane Boleyn forbade the French fashions made so popular by Anne Boleyn. It seems strange that her favoured lady-in-waiting would have chosen to flout this restriction.

 

This style of French hood is simply too early to be the kind worn in Anne Boleyn's day. The ever-changing fashion had the French hood moving further back on the head.

 

I would instead like make another suggestion. Elizabeth Stanley, Mary Monteagle's daughter, who married Richard Zouche.

 

Mary married Thomas Stanley, 2nd Baron Monteagle, sometime before 1527. It looks as if Elizabeth was their eldest daughter. This means that she could very well have been in her mid-teens in the early 1540's when this sketch was drawn.

 

Furthermore, we know that her grandfather, Charles Brandon, had portraits of his wife and two sons painted in 1541. Why not one of his granddaughter too? Especially if she was on the verge of marrying, as her age and the flower in her hand seemed to indicate. A pink or gillyflower or carnation is often seen held in the hand of a newly engaged bride or groom in Tudor portraiture.

 

With all due respect to other ladies-in-waiting who might also have been finely dressed, her dress at least does nothing to discourage the notion that she could be a granddaughter of the Duke of Suffolk. She wears both a necklace and a medallion, her dress is made out of black velvet, and there are pearl and gold billiments on her French hood.

 

That would make the inscription 'M[istress] Souch.'

 

An unidentified woman

sometimes said to be of Eleanor Brandon, Countess of Cumberland

C.1532-43

Hans Holbein the Younger

  

Eleanor was the younger sister of Frances Brandon and Mary Monteagle above.

 

Mary Tudor, Duchess of Suffolk, Dowager Queen of France and sister of Henry VIII

 C. 1530

Johannes Corvus

 

Mary Tudor (18th of March 1496 – 25th of June 1533), the daughter of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York, and sister to Henry VIII, was known in her own time always by her title as Dowager Queen of France. She was the mother of Frances and Eleanor Brandon.

 

  

A sketch of Mary taken from life during her brief stint as Queen Consort of France.

 

 

Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk (c. 1484 – 22 August 1545), was the son of Sir William Brandon and Elizabeth Bruyn. Through his third wife Mary Tudor he was brother-in-law to Henry VIII. His father was the standard-bearer of King Henry VII and was slain by Richard III in person on Bosworth Field. As a recognition of his father's services, the fatherless Charles was placed in the household of Elizabeth of York. There he was raised alongside her own children Henry and Mary. The three of them grew up together.

 

A love match. The widowed Tudor princess and her knight in shining armour

 

Mary was deeply unhappy at the French court in her state marriage in a foreign land, and begged Charles Brandon to marry her before they went home when he was sent to retrieve her by her brother.

 

 The aging Charles Brandon

 

Katherine, Duchess of Suffolk (1519-1580)

C.1532-42

Hans Holbein the Younger

 

Katherine Willougby, Duchess of Suffolk, was the fourth wife of Charles Brandon, and thus Frances Brandon's step-mother. Prior to the marriage the 14-year-old Katherine had been his ward and his son's intended, and was raised alongside Frances and her sisters and brother by her mother, Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII and Dowager Queen of France, the third wife of Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk.

 

The aging Charles Brandon

Wearing his collar of the Order of the Garter 

And carrying a bouquet of flowers

 

Heartsease or pansy:

Its three colours of white, yellow and purple gave it the name of herb trinity. The colours show purity(white), joy(yellow) and mourning(purple) which relate it to the Virgin’s life. Flower symbolism relates it to merriment. Pansy derives from the French for thoughts, because of its resemblance to a human face.

 

  

Katherine Willougby, Duchess of Suffok

C.1541

Hans Holbein the Younger

 

Probably painted in 1541 at the same time as the miniatures of her two sons with Charles Brandon, eight years into her marriage. 

 

Henry Brandon, 2nd Duke of Suffolk (1535-1551)

C.1541

Hans Holbein the Younger

 

'This miniature of Henry Brandon, second Duke of Suffolk (1535–51) and its companion piece of Charles Brandon, third Duke of Suffolk (1537/8–51) (422295) are the only surviving identifiable representations of children within Holbein’s portraiture, with the exception of portraits of Edward VI and of the artist’s own children. Their inclusion within the group of approximately twenty high-ranking or well-connected persons who sat for portrait miniatures by Holbein can be explained by the quasi-royal status enjoyed by the boys’ father, Charles Brandon, first Duke of Suffolk. His marriage in 1515 to Princess Mary, younger sister of Henry VIII, gave him an elevated position at court which endured even after Princess Mary’s death in 1533. Henry and Charles Brandon, Suffolk’s two sons by his fourth wife, Katherine Willoughby, were jointly educated at an early age with the young Edward VI. They were renowned scholars and studied at St. John’s College, Cambridge, but died of the sweating sickness within half an hour of each other in 1551, Henry aged 16 and Charles aged 14 or 15.'

 

Charles Brandon, 3rd Duke of Suffolk (1537/8-1551) Signed and dated 1541

1541

Hans Holbein the Younger

 

'Charles Brandon, third Duke of Suffolk, was the younger son of Charles Brandon, first Duke of Suffolk, and his fourth wife, Katherine Willoughby. He succeeded his elder brother Henry Brandon (422294; Royal Collection) as Duke of Suffolk in 1551, but survived him for less than an hour, dying, like his brother, of the sweating sickness. On his death, the Dukedom became extinct.

Charles Brandon is shown holding a paper which is inscribed with the sitter’s age when painted and the date on which the miniature was executed, 10 March 1541.'

 

The younger half-brother of Frances Brandon, from her father's fourth marriage to his former ward Katherine Willoughby.

 

In 1551 both the Duchess's sons, already students at Cambridge, died within an hour of each other of the sweating sickness. In recovering from this misfortune and its severe test to her faith, Katherine built a new life. She married her second husband, Richard Bertie (25 December 1516 – 9 April 1582), a member of her household, out of love and shared religious beliefs.

 

 

A posthumous, 18th century portrait of Richard Bertie, alongside his wife, Katherine Willoughby

 

It was common in those days, if one did not have a portrait one an ancestor, to simply have one painted.

 

Strangely enough, I have always thought that this posthumous picture of Katherine Willoughby - which bears little to the actual portraits of her, as can readily be seen - bears a great resemblance to the effigy of her step-daughter Frances, who had also married a member of her household out of love, Adrian Stokes, her master of the horse and the man who devotedly erected her tomb. 

 

 

Effigy of Frances Brandon, Duchess of Suffolk 


 

Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, the son of Richard Bertie and Katherine Willoughby.

 

Susan Bertie, the daughter of Richard Bertie and Katherine Willoughby.

Historical Portraits of Richard Bertie (1517-1582); and his wife, Katherine, Baroness Willoughby de Eresby (1519-1580), Early 18th Century, English School – Sotheby's

Portrait of Richard Bertie, Manner of Hans Eworth

«Several portraits of the Willoughby's family exist. The two extant ones of Willoughby herself are an undated miniature after Holbein, possibly part of family group done in 1541, and a second dated 1548 by an anonymous artist. Both are in the Earl of Ancaster's collection at Grimsthorpe Castle. Portraits of her sons Henry and Charles Brandon are in the Royal Collection at Windsor. Two anonymous portraits of her first husband Charles Brandon, duke of Suffolk, are at Woburn Abbey and the National Portrait Gallery, while an anonymous portrait of Richard Bertie, dated 1548, and a portrait of her son Peregrine exist at Grimsthorpe. A large monument to Willoughby and her second husband Richard Bertie stands in Spilsby chapel. For further analysis of this tomb, see chapter 6 of this study. See also Felicity Heal and Clive Holmes's discussion of Lady Jane Bacon's tomb in 'Prudentia ultra sexum', 100–24.» Women, Reform and Community in Early Modern England: Katherine Willoughby, Duchess of Suffolk, and Lincolnshire's Godly Aristocracy, 1518-1580 by Melissa Franklin-Harkrider

«Appendix 2

PORTRAITS OF KATHERINE WILLOUGHBY

The best known image of Katherine is the miniature after Hans Holbein the Younger, painted in her early womanhood. In a second portrait at Grimsthorpe dated 1548, three years after she was widowed, she is soberly dressed and her demeanour is altogether more serious. The bust of her monument at Spilsby (which is more finely carved than the rest of the edifice and may have been intended for another location) shows her in her old age.

Another three-quarter-length portrait at Grimsthorpe (not illustrated) depicts a lady who has been variously identified as Mary, Queen of Scots and Lady Jane Dudley (Jane Grey). It is clearly not of Mary, and Jane's name has been attached to a numer of paintings, none of which can be authenticated. A detailed scientific analysis of the work could help to identify the sitter, but there is no likelihood of this being undertaken in the near future. All we can say is that this lady's features very closely resemble those of Katherine in her other portraits.» (For a discussion of the Grimsthorpe portrait see our Lady Jane Grey page.)

«There is also a drawing of 'The Dutchess of Suffolk' by Holbein now in the Royal Collection. Holbein returned to England in 1531, so the person depicted could be the then duchess, Mary, Henry VIII's sister, who died in 1533, or Frances, Katherine's stepdaughter, if the suggestion that the captions were not added until between 1555 and 1557 is accurate. No conclusions can be drawn from the sitter's apparent age because Katherine was actually two years younger than Frances. All we can say is that Katherine was actually two years younger than Frances. All we can say is that Katherine, who was Duchess of Suffolk from 1533 to 1545 (before becoming dowager duchess), is perhaps a more likely candidate than the other two.» Henry VIII's Last Love: The Extraordinary Life of Katherine Willoughby, Lady-in-Waiting to the Tudors by David Baldwin

trompe l'oeill integrated frame of the portrait

'Yet the brown colour in the Syon is likely the original shade and not a result of smalt degradation'

Margaret's cousins, Jane and Mary FitzAlan were married off very young, being respective between 12 and 15 years of age and 16. This was perhaps to their detriment, as none of Jane's three children would survive and Mary died in childbirth.

We know that she was in the household of Princess Elizabeth at Hatfield. Elizabeth I was born in 1533 as was Margaret's husband Matthew Arundel. We see that the dates for Elizabeth Grey are wrong, but they are , so

Young, but not painfully so by Tudor standards.

Considering the fact that Lady Katherine Grey accompanied Princess Mary Tudor to Wales in 1525, was married by 1532 (and made by far the best match), while presents from her sisters to Mary do not appear until 1538, I think it is safe to say that she must

Katherine was also married before Elizabeth, her eldest daughter Jane was born in 1537, while Elizabeth only married in 1538. Another indication

That of course leaves the question of who was the eldest daughter. Anne (d.1548) who married Sir Henry Willoughby, or Mary, of whom we know nothing except her name?

The Last Will and Testament of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset

My everlasting thanks to the wonderful, kind, knowledgeable people who transcribed and translated this.

Test(amentu)m d(omi)nj Thome Marqueys dor(cestrie)

= The will of Lord Thomas, Marquis of Dorset

In the name of god amen The seconde daye of June in the yere of our Lorde god ml vc xxxti [(anno) millesimo quingentesimo tricesimo = ‘the one thousand five hundred and thirtieth (year)’.] I Thomas Marques dorset hole of body and of good mynde perfctly knowinge that there is nothing ^more^ certeyne to me then death and nothinge more uncerteyne then the houre and tyme therof I dreadinge the said tyme and wold not that I sholde dye intestate, nor that eny striffe variannce or debate sholde growe or arise betwene eny maner of personnes for any of my manours landes, ten(emen)ts and other my movable goodes that I shulde Leve in this worlde behinde me in eschewing of the same , I ordeyne and make this my present testament and last will in manour and formme insuynge: FIRST I bequethe my soule to almyghty god, and to his mother saint marye and to all the holy company of hevyn And my body to be buryed in the churche of Astleye in the countye of warwicke nygh unto my father whose soule god pardon if I dye within the realme of Ingland the costes and charges therof I remytt to the discrescion of myne executours so that no pompe nor solempnite be had or used about the same, And myne executours of this my last will to gyve to preestis and clerks that shall come thither the daye of my buriall as they shall thinke convenient, And to deale in almes to pore folke the said day and tyme after their discrescions, ALLSO I will that my executours shall cause iij honest prestis and of good conversacion to their knowledge to singe and praye at Asteley aforsaid for my soule my father and mother soules and all christen soulis by the space of iij yeres next after my deathe gyvinge to every one of them tenne marks by yere ALLSO I will that all my debts be paid that I owe to any parsonne and Amends to be made to every pasone that I have trespacyd or doon wronge unto if good profe be made thereof by the discrescion of myne executours or the more parte of them ALLSO I will that all my housholde s(er)v(a)nt(es) have their full wagys to the day of my deceas And for their time and goodservice that they have doon to me afore this tyme I will that every of them ^have^ one hole yeres wagis for his and their rewardes And allso meate and drinke convenyient for one halfe yere in my house next after my deceas so that they may have reasonable tyme to provide them selfe sermices Allso I will that John Nutting have the house w(i)t(h) thappurten(a)nces that he now ^dwelleth^ in ingrowby in the countie of Leiceter and lxvj s viijd yerely duringe his liff And that John Dabscourte shalhave the same office And yerelye ffee that he now hathe and occupyeth by myn agrement for terme of his lyff And also I will that Robert Vincent hath suche offices and ffees as he now hathe of myn for terme of his lif I will also that William Hill of Sheldon have in like maner suche officies and fees as he now hathe of myn for terme of his Lyff Allso I will that Thomas Cornewall have the office of the bayly wike [= Bailiwick "the district or jurisdiction of a bailie or bailiff"] of stebbinge in the coumtie of Essex and the office of the kepinge of the parke there And the wagis of the ffees to them belonginge for the terme of his liff And I will that Anthony Bogegood shalhave the office of the kepinge of wysshcombe in the countie of Devonshire with all the wagys and fees to it belonging for terme of his lyffe And I will that Thomas Seyton have such offyces and fees as he now hathe and occupyeth of myn for terme of his lyfe And I will also that all and ev(er)y such parsonne and parson(n)s as have eny office of Baylywike Stewardeshipp keparshipp of eny parke or park(es) or warren by myne appointment or assignement and now doo occupye and excercise the same shall frome hensforthe duringe their severall lyves have and exercise the said office and offices and ffees as every of them as they doo now use and exercise the same in like maner and fourme with like wag(es) fees and proffit(es) as they have or ought to have hadd in and for the exe^r^cisinge therof for term of their lyves and every of them doing their dueties and sermic(es)* to my lady my wiff and the heires of me accordinge as their officies dothe lye I will that Roberte Broke scolemaster to my sonne Henry to have xxli yerely out of suche landes and ten(emen)tis whereof myne executours shall take the proffitts by this my will unto suche tyme as he be promotid to spirituall dignite [until his death] to the yerely valewe of xxx pounds. And likewise that doctour Johannes fysyssion [= physician] have x li yerely out of the said landes and tene(men)tis unto suche tyme as he be promotid to one spirituall dignite [until his death] to the yerely value of xxli AND allso I will that the said Robert Broke and the said doctor Johannes shulde be furst promotid by my executours Allso I will that Edwarde Mountague[1] have yerely iiijli during his liff out of the Manour of Growbye and other landes and ten(emen)tis in Growbye in the countie of Leic, And that william horewood[2] have yerely out of the said Manor landis and ten(emen)tis in Growbye lxvj s viij d for terme of his lyff every of them gevyinge their counsell to my lady my wiff and to my heires And I will that Elizabeth Stafferton wif to Cristofer Stafferton[3] have yerely out of the said Manours landes and ten(emen)ts in Growby aforeaid lxvjs viijd for terme of hir lyff, Allso I will that every of my sonnes Thomas Edwarde and John have yerely xli towards their fyndinge untill they come to the age of xv yeres, And after their come to the age of xv yeres to have every of them yerely xxli towardes their findinge untill they come to thage of xxi yeres and the same to be perceyvid receyvid and taken of the revenues Issues and proffitts of all my manours landes and ten(emen)tis The landes appointed to this my last will for my said wiff only except duringe hur lyff ALLSO I will that my sonne Edwarde ymmediatly after he comythe to the age of xxj yeres have my Manours of Bedeworthe and pakyngton with the appurtenences in the countie of Warwike, and all other my landis tenements and hereditaments in bedworthe pakington or ellswhere within the said countie of Warwicke percell or membres[= members] of the said Manours of Bedworthe & Pakyngton and late in the Tenur occupacion or possession of Arthur lordlily to have and to hold to the said Edwarde for terme of his lyfe naturall ALLSO I will that my sonne John have Immediatly after he comythe to the age of xxi yeres have Bardon parke, and the pasture of Bardon with thappurtenances in the countie of Leic for terme of his lyf naturall Allso I will that my sonne Thomas have ymmediatly after he comithe to thage of xxj yeres, and after the dethe of my sister Anne Gray[4] late wif to my brother John Grey and nowe wif to Richarde Clemente the Manour of Bosworthe with thappurtenances in the countie of Leicester, And all my landes and ten(emen)ts and other hereditaments in Bosworth aforesaide to have to hym for the terme of his lif naturall, And in case my said sonne Thomas happyn to come to the said age of xxj yeres lyvynge my sister Anne Grey I will that then Immediatly after he come(th) to the age of xxj yeres, And after the deathe of the Ladye Elizabeth Cowntes of Oxforde late wif to the Lorde Beamont[5] shalhave my manours landis and ten(emen)ts in Creke and Cleycotton[6] with thappurtenances in the countie of Northampton for the terme of the liff of my said sister Anne Graye ALLSO I will to eiche of my daughters not maried unto the tyme they be married xx li sterling towardes their findinge to be perceyvid levid And taken yerely by myne executours out of all my manours landis and tene(men)ts except before exceptid ALLSO I will my daughter marye have towardes hir marriage one thousand poundes so that she marye by thadvise of my wif, and after the deathe of my wif by thadvise of the more parte of myn executours, ALLSO I will that every other of my daughters that be not maried at the tyme of my decease have to wardes their mariage one thousand poundes so that thei be maried by thadvise of my wiff And after the deathe of my said wiffe by thadvise of my executours The said Sommes of money before appoynted for the mariage of my saide daughters to be levid and taken by myne executours of the Revenues Issues and proffits of all my Manours landes and tentis the landes and tenements herafter bequethid or appoynted unto my said wiff and other duringe their lyves only except, AND in caas my said sonnes dye before all my said daughters be maryed, And my said daughters be heires unto me or to my said sonnes or to anny of them I will that then all bequestis made to my said daughters being so heires and not maried be voide and of none effect, And if anny of my daughters be maried and he heyres or one of my heires as is aforesaid before the money to hur bequethid be paid That then the payment therof as muche as shalbe then to paye to cease, And the same Sommes that they shulde have had to goo to the payments of my debts and p(er)fourmannce of my will, And that donne the overplus to go to the makynge of high wayes and Mariage of pore Maydens and suche other charitable dedis as shalbe thought convenyent by myne executo(ur)s ALLSO I WILL that my said wife shalhave the rule and guydinge of all my childerne aswell sonnes as daughters, And allso the proffitts of all suche sommes of monye as by this my will be, And is assigned and apointed for the fyndinge of them as is aforesaid untill my saide daughters be maried and my said sonnes come to thage of xxi yeres, And when anny of my said daughters byn maryed they to Abbate their porcion of xxli, And that porcion to goo the p(er)fourmannce of my will AND ALLSO I will that Margaret my wif[7] shalhave all and singuler my Manours of Croke Cleycotton and Lylboune in the countie of Northampton Dregge Carleton w(it)h the office of the baylyweke [= Bailiwick "the district or jurisdiction of a bailie or bailiff"] betwene Ayne and derwent[8], and with the office of the baylyweke betwene Ayne and Dewan Egremond[9] Harrington in the countie of Cumberland and Thorneh(a)m[10] lying in the countie of Lancastre with thappurtenaces and all and singulier Messuages landis ten(emen)tis and hereditamentis in Creke Claycotton Lylborne in the countie of Northampton dregge Carlton Egremond and harrington in the said countie of Cumberland and Thorneh(a)m lying in the said Countie of Lancastre or ellswhere within anny of the said counties whiche arr reputed knowen or takyn as parrcell parte or membres of the same Manours landis and ten(emen)tis or of anny of them to have and to holde the same Manours landis and ten(emen)ts to the said Margaret my wiff for terme of lyfe of Lady Elizabethe Counteis of Oxforde late wife to the Lorde Beamont AND after the deathe of the same Counteis of Oxforde I will myn executours shall take the revenues issues and proffits of the same Manours landis and ten(emen)tis towarde the p(er)formmannce of this my will AND ALLSO I will to Margaret my said wiff the Manours of Mucheland and Ulverstond[11] in the countie of Lancastre the manours of Wodacre Ketion Enerdale[12] and Gossford in the countie of Cumbria the manours of Wodh(a)mferres[13] and Stebbing in the countie of Essex The manours of Asteley Whitacre Bentley and Aullesley in the countie of Warwike The mano(ur)s of Heigh(a)m Browghton Asteleye and the manour and hole parke of Bradgate in the countie of Leic’ with all and singulier their appurtennc(es) and all Landis Tene(me)nt(is) Advousones Patronages and other hereditamentis whiche be reputid knowen or takyn as parcell parte or membres of the same maners landis and ten(emen)tis or of anny parte or parcell of anny of them to have and to holde to the saide Margarete my wiffe for terme of Lyf of the same Margaret And after the deathe of my said wiff I will myne executours shalhave and take the revenuez Issues and proffitt(es) therof to the perfourmance of this my will and testament Allso I will that my executours shalhave and take the revenues yssues and proffit(es) of all and singulier my manours and Townes of Hunspill de La Hay Chawton, Chawton Hundrith Maryett and Turlebor in the countie of Sommersett and Showtt Southley Wissecombye Bryxh(a)m Cowley Roughorne Grenelinche ffoxhill Pinner and Sparkey in the countie of Devon the manour of Growby Rottby Newton Whittington Bardon parke Leyesthropp and Morbowne Willowghby Waterles in the countie of Leicester The manours of Bedworthe and Pakyngton in the Countie of Warwike the Manours of Harlington and Sharmbrooke in the countie of Bedd And allso on An(n)uyte or yerely rente of lxxxij li whiche the kinges grace granntid unto the said Marqueys out of his douchie [= duchy] as by Indentures therof made playnly apperith and all londis ten(emen)tis hereditamentes in enny of the said Townes or elles where whiche be taken as parte or parcell of any of the said manours To have holde and perceyve all the same Manours londis ten(emen)tis & Annuities to myn executours to the p(er)fourmance of this my last will and to perfourme the same I will allso that myn executours shalhave the disposicion no(m)i(n)ation and presentacion of allmaner of Advousons apperteyninge or belonginge to anny of my said manours landis and ten(emen)tis before appointed to my Executours for and towardes the p(er)fourmance of this my last will as often as the same advousons or anny of them shall fortune to falle and be voide untill suche tyme yt [= that] my said will be perfourmed and I will that therafter this my last will be or myght be lawfully p(er)fourmed and for lacke and defaulte of Issue male of my bodye laufully begotton

Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset

I will that my doughter Marye[14] have all and singulier my said [Manours?] londis and ten(emen)tis in the said counties of Combr and Lancastre to hur and to the heires of hur body lawfully begotton only allso I will that myn executours shall taken [= take in] thissues [= the issues] revenues and proffites of all and singulier suche Manours landis ten(emen)tes and hereditamentis wherof my lady my mother[15] hathe declared hur will of towards the p(er)fourmance of this my laste will of whiche landis and tenementis I have auc(thori)te and powr to declare my will as well as my said mother as more playnly apperithe by Indentures therof made beringe date the xxiij day of June in the xvth yere* of our soverayne lorde kinge Henry the Eight [* 15 Henry VIII = 1523] Allso I will that if the mariage solemnised and had betwene Anne my doughter[16] and Henry Willowghby Esquier[17] sonne and heire apparannt of s(ir) Edwarde Wyllowghby knyght be dyssolvid by reason and disag^r^e(-)ment of either of them at their laufull age of consent or by reason of dethe of the same Henry Willowghby and before carnall knowledge had betwene them that then the said Anne shalhave towardes hir mariage one thousand poundes sterling as hir other susters shalhave[18] Allso I will that my wif have all my houshold stuff plate and Juelles duringe hur lyf except suche porcion therof as she at hur pleasure shall gyve to my sonne Henry And after hur decease to ^leve to^ my sonne Henry ij partes therof as it shalbe valluyd [= valued] or worthe at the tyme of hur decease Allso I will that myne executours shalhave all my goodes and Cattall leases for yeres not bequethid in this my will towardes the p(er)fourmance of this my will allso I will that Marye Tomason have yerely duringe hur lyff fyve markes st(er)ling out of all my man(our)s londis and tenementis in the countie of leic(estre) And allso a hundrithe markes st(erling) to hir mariage Allso I will that my buildinge at Bradgate be fynyshid and made by myn executours accordinge to a platt therof made And the Chapell at Asteley to be buyldid And my tombe to be made there by thadvise of my said executours And the said Chapel buyldinge and Tombe to be made in as Convenient tyme as it may resonablye I will that phillip the Eremyte[19] have xijd by weke as longe as he contynuethe at Asteley to pray for my faither and my mother soules my wifes soule and all christen soules allso I will I will that all and singulier parsonne and parsonnes that now be seasid or that herafter shalbe seased of all and singulier the said lordeshppes manours londis ten(emen)tis and other the premisses or of any other londis ten(emen)tis and hereditamentes wherof I have pour and auctorite to declare my will shall shall from hens forthe stand and be seased therof to thusis and intentes specyfied and declarid within this my laste will and testament & to the p(er)fourmance of the same and I renownce and forsake all other will and wylles by me before the date of this presentis made and affirmie this to be my last will and testament And executours of the same I ordeyne constitute and make my Entierly welbe lovid Lady Margaret my wiff and my speciall frendis Cutbert Tunstall now electe busshopp of Durh(a)m[20] Sir John ffytziames now cheif Justice of the kynges benche[21] William Shelley one of the kynges Iustices of his com(m)on place[22] Edwarde Wotton knyght[23] William Ashebye Esquire[24] and Robert Brocke clerke[25] and to every of my said executours I gyve and bequethe xxli and their reasonable Costes and expens(es) that they shall susteyne and be at in and abowte the execucion and p(er)fourmance of this my will And I will that my lady my mothers will concerninge the findinge of ij preestis in the Chapel of Asteley and the contynuance of the same ij preestis be observid and kept accordinge to my said Ladye my mothers will In wyttnesse wherof I the saide Thomas Marques Dorset have to this my wyll put my seale yoken the daye and yere abovesaid And whereas I before in this my present testament have willid and gyvyn to Edwarde my sonne after he comyth to the age of xxj yeres my manour of Bedworthe and Packington with thappurten(a)nces and all the Landis and ten(emen)tis in Bedworsthe and Packyngton in the Countie of Warwike for terme of his lif and allso where as I willid and gave unto my said sonne John after he comyth to thage of xxj yeres Bardon Parkes and the pasture of Bardon with thappurtennces for terme of hys Lyff and allso whereas I willid to my sonne Thomas after he comyth to the age of xxj yeres my manours landis and ten(emen)tis in Creke and Cleycotton Immediatly after the dethe of Elizabeth Counteis of Oxforde yf Anne Graye late [y? = the?] wife ^t of my brother John [Gray?] and now wife^ to sir Richarde Clement be then lyvynge sholde be unto unto my said sonne Thomas duringe his lyf of the said Anne Graye as by my said will afore made playnly apperithe whiche legacyes made unto my said iij sonnes and every of them concerning the said manours landis and ten(emen)tis I revoke and adnull by this my present will and for Recompense wherof I will that my said sonne Edwarde Immediatly after he comithe to thage of xx yeres shalhave Morebarne ffeldis in the countie of Leic’ for terme of his lyfe And I will further that if the saide landis and ten(emen)tis callid Morebarne feldis be not of the yerely value of xlli [= 40 pounds] above all charg(es) that myn executours or one of them shall assigne other of my landis and ten(emen)tis to make in all to the yerely value of xlli and that landis and ten(emen)tis so to be assignid shalbe allso to my said sonne for terme of his lyfe And till the said assignement be had I will that myne execut- or one of them shall yerely content and paye to my said sonne (as muche? deleted) mony as the said lond(es) and ten(emen)tis callid Morebarne feldis lackythe of the yerely value of xlli And I will allso to my said sonne John after he come to the age of xxj yeres shalhave the manour of Leysthorpp in the Countie of Leic’ and all maner landis ten(emen)tis and pastures in the said Countie knowen by the name of Leyst(h)ropp for terme of his lyfe And I will further that if the said manour land(es) and tenement(es) callid leysthropp be not of the yerely value of xlli above all chargis that my Executours or one of them shall assigne other of my landis and ten(emen)t(es) and that landis and ten(emen)tis so to be assigned shalbe allso to my said sonne for terme of his Lyfe and till the said assigneme(n)t be had I will that myne executours or one of them shall yerely content and pay unto my said sonne asmoche mony as the said londes and ten(emen)tes callid Leysthropp lackithe of the yerelye value of xl li And I will allso to my said sonne Thomas that Immediatly after he comythe to the age of xxi yeres Bardon Parke in the countie of leic(estre) the manour of Stokede(n)nysse in the countie of Somers(ett) to have to hyme duringe the lyfe of the said Anne Graye now wife to s(ir) Richarde Clement and after hur decease and after my said sonne Thomas comythe to to thage of xxi yeres I will and gyve to my said sonne Thomas my said manour off Bosworthe w(i)t(h) thappurten(a)nces and all my landis and tenementes and other hereditamentes in Bossworthe in the countie of Leicestr to have to hym for terme of his lyfe And allso I will that if the said Bardon park and the said manour of Stokedennysse be not of the yerelye value of xl li above all charges yt myne Executours or one of them shall assigne other of my Landis and tenementes to make in all to the yerely valeue of xl li and that Landis and ten(emen)tis so to be assignid shalbe also to my said sonne for terme of Lyfe of the said Lady Anne Graye and till the said assignement be had I will that my Executours or one of them shall yerely content and paye unto my said sonne Thomas as moche monye as the said manours landis and tenementes callyd Bardon parke and Stokedennysse lackith of the yerely value of xl li And I will also that if anny of my manours shall fortune to be assignid to my said sonnes or anny of them to make of their yerely value of xl li that none of my manours landes and ten(emen)tes gyven wyllid or assignid by me shalbe no parte therof and I will allso that my lorde my fathers will be p(er)fourmed and fullfillid w(i)t(h) spede and diligence with the rentes Issues and proffittes of all suche Manours londes and ten(emen)tis as to me frome hym discendid Suche exceptide and forprisid as by me be willid gyven granntid or asigned to my said wif and to my said sonnes or to any other parsone or p(ar)sonnes And I will allso that my lady my mothers will be with spede and diligence fulfillid and p(er)fourmed w(i)t(h) the rentes Issues and proffittes of all suche manours landis and ten(emen)tis liable to the parfourmannce of her will and I will allso that next after my funerall and myn owne debtes contentid and paid that myne executours withe spede and diligence shall make and buylde a Chappell of Asteleye accordinge to the will of my lorde my father and to be made after suche goodly fashion as by the discrescion of myne executours shalbe thought moste best and Convenient And in like maner a goodly tombe to be made over my lorde my father and my lady my mother and after that done my tombe to be made at Asteley in the mydd(es) of the channcell where I entendid god willinge to be buryed And after the said thinges so doon I will that myne Executours at Asteley aforesaid sufficiently ^buyld^ & make and Almes house [presumably an Almes house] convenient by their discrescions for xiij pore men there to enhabite and dwell In all whiche costes and charges to the buyldinge and makinge of all the premiss(es) shalbe receyvid levid and takyn by myne executours of all suche manours Landes and tenementis whiche I before have declarid and namid to the p(er)fourmannce of my will And I will that ev(er)y of the said xiij pore men frome tyme to tyme for ever shalbe named assignid and appointed by myn executours duringe their lyves And after their decease by myn heyres And I will to every of the said poore men wekely xij d and yerely alyverye [= a livery] of blacke Cotton price iiij s Allso I will my manours of Bedworthe and packington And all my landes and ten(emen)tis in Bedworthe and Packynton and the rents issues and proffitts of the same, And all Landas and tents which were lately in the occupacion of my lorde lyle[26] reputed and takyn as p(ar)cell of the same lordeshippes shalbe to the use and intente that myn executours shall take the proffitts of the same to the use and intente that they shall pay every mounthe to every of the said pore men their wagis and stipend as is abovesaide and their lynary [= livery] yerely Also I will that every of the said pore men continually shalbe namyde and appointed by my lady my wife duringe hur lyfe, And after hur decease by myne heires And I will that after the death of my said executours that myn heires shall receyve the issues rents and proffitts of the said ij manno(ur)s landis and tentis in Bedworthe and Packington, And all other the premyss that werr lately recoverid by a form(er) title against the said lorde lysley to and for the continuall payment of the said pore men that shalbe from tyme to tyme assignid namid and appoyntid to be put into the same house to thentent* [= the intent] that pore men may ever contynewe in the said Almes house and I will that all suche rent(es) issues and proffitt(es) that shall growe of the said ij manours londis and ten(emen)tis in Bedworthe and packington and other the premiss(es) over and beyond suche as shalbe contentid spent and paid to the said pore men and their uses as is abovesaide shalbe for the maynten(a)nce and reparacion of the said almes houses and the residue bey^o^ned that if anny be shalbe disposed and gyven yerely the day of my deceas by myne executours duringe their tyme And after their deceas by myne heires to preestis clerkis and pore folkes and ^dirigie^ masse to be said yerely at the day of the makinge of the said dole and I will that all suche parsonnes as now be seasid or herafter shall fortune to be seasid of the said ij manours of Bedworthe and Packynton and of all landis and tenementes in Bedworthe and Pakyngton and other the premissz aforesaid shall stande and be seased to all suche uses and Intentes as is afore declarid of the said ij Manours And I will that suche orisyons [= orisons] and prayers as shalbe said by the said pore men for me and myne Anncestours w(i)t(h) such attendannce as they shalbe bounde to gyve shalbe declarid and made by me or myne executours and written in a table to be sett in the said College of Asteley I will to my suster Cicelye[27] now wife to sir John Dudley[28] my manour of Mocheglen in the countie of Leicestr and all my landis and ten(emen)tis in Moche(g)len within the said countie for terme of hur lyfe to Avanncement of hur better lyvinge And allso meate and drinke yerely for her her manne s(er)v(a)nt and woman serv(a)nt duringe her lyfe to be taken with my lady my wiff or elles yer(e)ly xxli duringe hur lyfe to be paid by myne executours of the rentes Issues and proffittes of my manours londis and ten(emen)tes towardes the charges of hur meate and drinke whersoever she shalbe The one of them at hur pleasure to be takyn I will allso the rentes issues and proffites of my manour of Bosworth shalbe receyvid by myne executours towardes the p(er)fourmannce of my will unto suche a tyme my suster Anne Graye and sir Richarde Clement now her husband have extinguisshid realeased and determyned all suche right ^use^ and Interest as she hathe to the Manour of Hartwell in the Countie of Northampton unto thuse of the kynge [our?] soverayne Lord and of his heyres And unto suche a tyme allso that she and s(ir) Richard Clement have released extinguisshid and determynid all hur ryght use and interest whiche she the said lady Anne hathe to the Manour of Leysthropp in the Countie of Leic(estre) or anny other parsonne to hur use to the use of me the said Margues and to myne heyres and to the p(er)fourmannce of my laste will And Immediatly after hur said right use and title extinguisshid and determyned I will that the said manour of Bosworth and all my landis and tenementes in Bosworthe shalbe to thuse of my said Suster Anne for terme of hur lyfe in full satisfaccion and recompense of suche intrest Right use and titile whiche she the said lady Anne hathe to the manours of Hartewell and Leisthropp so that the said Richarde Clemet and lady Anne upon a request to them or to the said lady Anne to be made by

myne executours or by any of them make a lease by their dede indentid to myne executours or to as many of them as will accept the same of the said manour of Bosworth and of all my landis and tenementes in Bosworthe to have to my said executours that will accept the same for terme of lx yeres res(er)vinge upon the said lease so to be made to the said Richarde and lady Anne a C markes yerely to be paid at the feastes of saint Michaell tharchangell[29] and the Annunciacion of our lady[30] by even porcions and for default of none payment within three Monythis next after every of the said feastes with a clause of reenter to be conteynid in the same Indenture and allso with a p(ro)oviyso[?] to be conteynid in the same that if the said lady Anne dye within the said terme the said lease to cease and and [repeated in error] determyne and I will further that if any Ambiguite or doute apere in this my will I will that all suche Ambiguytes and doutes shalbe declarid and made open by myne executours or by the more parte of them that will take uppon them the Execution of the same And as they shall declare and open it I will yt shall stande for my last will concerninge all suche thinges doughtfull and I will that myne executours agre with my said suster Anne reasonably for suche Arrerag(es) as be to her due for the said Manours of hartwell and leistropp and for all other causis betwene her & me In witnes whe^r^of this to be my last will and Thestament over and beyonde my will in this my present wrytinge before declarid I have subscribid myne name and wheras I before in this my present will have constitute and orderid my Eterly [=utterly] welbelovid lady Margaret my wif and my speciall frendis Cutbert Tunstall Busshiop of Durh(a)m Sir John ffitziames Cheif Justice of the kinges benche william Shelley one of the kynges Justicz of his comon place Edwarde wotton knyght william Ashebye Esquire and Robert Broke to be my executours of this my last will and Testament I have now constitute and ordeyned Mathew knyghtley doctour of Cossington william horwood gentilman and Christofer wren gentilman[31] to be lyke other myne executours annexid and adioyned to and with my forsaid lady my wife and other my(n) executo(ur)s as or before named in this my present will to and for the further p(er)fourmance and execution of this my laste will and allso I bequeth and gyve unto my soverayne lorde the kynge[32] one of my best geldinges and one hundrithe pound(es) in sofferanns to by his grace a sadale [= in sovereigns, to buy His Grace a saddle] and allso I bequethe unto his grace a coople of my best houndes allso I will and bequethe unto my lady Anne Boleyne[33] xx li Allso I will and bequeth to Thomas nowe Duke of Norff(olk)[34] xl li Allso I will and bequethe to Charles nowe Duke of Suffolke[35] xl li And allso I will and bequethe unto John now lorde of Oxford xxx li Allso I will and bequethe to shr [sir?] William Fitzwill(ia)m now Channcelour of the duchie[36] xx li Allso I will and bequethe to sir Henry Gulford now Comptroller of the kynges house[37] xx li Allso I will and bequethe to doctour Stephyns nowe secretarye unto the kynges grace[38] xx li Allso I will and Bequethe to Mary Coplay[39] x li to her mariage Allso I will and bequethe to Anne Elmar[?][40] to hur mariage x li Item I will and bequethe to Cicele Howarde x li to hur mariage Allso I will and bequethe to Elenour Palmer[41] x li to her mariage Allso I will and bequethe to Elizabethe Charde to hur mariage x li And allso I will that Hugh whitfelde have yerely out of my Manour londis and ten(emen)tis in Growbye xl s for terme of his lyfe And allso I will that John worthington have yerely out of the said Manour landes and ten(emen)tis* in Growby xl s for terme of his lif Allso I will and bequethe towardes the buyldinge and makinge upp of the chuche of our blyssid ladye of Tylltey[42] within the countie of Essex one hundrith markes to be paid by myn executours and they to paye yerely xx mark(es) untill the said somme of a C markes be fully paid

Probate clause

Probatum fuit suprascriptum testamentum cora(m) d(omi)no apud Lamehith xviijo die mens(is) Novembris Anno D(omi)nj mill(es)imo quingentesimo xxxjo Jurame(n)to D(omi)ne Margarete Relict(e) et executric(is) in h(uius)mo(d)i testamento no(m)i(n)at(e) Ac approbatu(m) et insinuatum Et com(m)issa fuit admi(ni)strac(i)o o(mni)um et singulor(um) bonor(um) iur(iu)m et creditor(um) d(i)c(tu)m defunctum et h(uius)mo(d)i suu(m) testame(n)tum qual(ite)rcumq(ue) concernen(tium) dict(e) executric(i) de bene et fidel(ite)r adm(in)istrand(o) ead(em) Ac de pleno et fideli Inventario h(uius)mo(d)i conficiend(o) &c Necnon de plano et vero compoto reddend(o) Ad sancta dei Ev(a)ngelia iurat(e) in debita iuris forma Res(er)vata p(otes)tate similem comissione(m) faciend(i) alijs executoribus in h(uius)mo(d)i testamento no(m)i(n)at(is) cum ven(er)int &c admissur(is).

The above-written will was proved before the lord at Lambeth on the 18th day of the month of November in the year of the Lord one thousand five hundred and thirty-one by the oath of Lady Margaret, the relict and the executrix named in this will; and it was approved and inserted (in the register); and administration of all and singular the goods, rights and credits of any kind whatsoever concerning the said deceased and this his will was granted to the said executrix, to well and faithfully administer the same; and to complete a full and faithful inventory etc. of this; and also to submit a plain and true account; sworn on the Holy Gospels of God in due form of law; power reserved of making the like grant to the other executors named in this will when they shall come etc. to be admitted.

[1] Edwarde Mountague – Possibly Sir Edward Montagu (judge)

Amongst other things, he was a member of the Privy Council of King Henry VIII of England, who appointed him as one of the sixteen executors of his last will, and governor to his son Edward. Ironically, during the crisis of 1553 when Edward VI wished to alter the succession in favour of Lady Jane Grey, the granddaughter of the man who here mentions him in his will, Montagu protested at the illegality of the proceedings. 

[2] william horewood  Probably Sir William Whorwood

Sir William Whorwood's daughter Anne married Ambrose Dudley, elder brother of Robert Dudley, Guildford Dudley and Henry Dudley, therefore making her the sister-in-law of both Lady Jane Grey and Margaret Audley, the granddaughters of the testator.

ANNE WHORWOOD (d. June 1, 1552)

Anne Whorwood was the daughter of William Whorwood (d. May 28, 1545), attorney general of England, and his first wife, Cassandra Grey (d. before 1537). She was the first wife of Lord Ambrose Dudley (1531-February 21, 1590). Very little is known about her, but her unexpected death at Otford, Kent was described in considerable detail in a letter from her father-in-law, John Dudley, duke of Northumberland, to Sir William Cecil. Some sources, especially older ones, say this death and description were of Northumberland’s own daughter, Temperance, who died at age seven, but that is not the case. Anne had been ill, seemed to be recovering, and suddenly took a turn for the worse. One source says Whorwood was the name of her first husband and that she left behind a daughter, Margaret, who became Northumberland’s ward, but the entry for William Whorwood in The History of Parliament makes it clear that Lord Ambrose’s wife was Whorwood’s eldest daughter. The Margaret in question was Anne’s younger half sister, the child of Whorwood’s second wife, Margaret Brooke (d.1589).

Anne Whorwood – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

[3] Elizabeth Stafferton wif to Cristofer Stafferton Christopher Staverton or Stafferton (by 1517-57 or later), of Aldenham, Herts. and London – History of Parliament Online

Christopher Staverton's cousin Richard Staverton was Sir Thomas More’s brother-in-law.

It has been said that Christopher Stafferton's brother Richard was the son-in-law of Sir Richard Weston, who was the father of Sir Francis Weston, one of the men was exexuted alongside Anne Boleyn.

«Besides the only son, Francis, Sir Richard and Lady Weston had two daughters. Margaret, the wife of Sir Walter Dennys, the eldest son of Sir William Dennys, of Dyrham, County Gloucester, by Anne, daughter and co-heiress of Maurice, Lord Berkeley. There is in the painted glass in the hall (lower north bay, No. 7) an emblem or rebus for her — a Marguerite growing out of a tun ; and in the lower south west window ( No. X. 3) is a magnificent coat of arms of Sir Walter Dennys, quartering the coat of Berkeley in right of his mother. She afterwards married Richard Stafferton.» Annals of an old manor-house, Sutton Place, Guildford

Historians hold this to be unlikely, though. Richard Stafferton seems to have been married to a Margaret Weston, though, just not that Margaret Weston.

According to Alison Weir, «2 May, the day of Norris's arrest, Richard Staverton of Warfield, Berkshire, a landowner and lawyer of Lincoln's Inn (whose wife, Margaret Weston, was probably related to Francis Weston), had written to Cromwell saying he 'shall be glad to have' Norris's rooms and properties near Windsor, 'as I have fourteen children'.»

See also The Anne Boleyn Files – The Vultures Gather

The father, on the other hand, is said to have offered the King all that the family had if he would spare his son.

[4] my sister Anne Gray late wif to my brother John Grey and nowe wif to Richarde Clemente

ANNE BARLEE (d.1558)

This entry is taken from W. H. Challen’s “Lady Anne Grey” in the January 1963 Notes and Queries, in which he sorts out the marriages of Anne Jerningham and Anne Barlee, both of whom were entitled to use the name Lady Anne Grey. Anne Barlee (Barley, Barlow, Barlie, Barliegh) was the daughter of William Barlee of Albury, Herfordshire (c.1451-1521) and Elizabeth Darcy. She was married three times and in each case was her husband’s second wife. Her first husband was Sir Robert Sheffield of Butterwick, Lincolnshire (d.1519). Her second was Sir John Grey, son of the 1st Marquis of Dorset. His date of death is unknown, but he is mentioned in his mother’s will in 1528 and so was apparently still alive then. She is the “Lady Grey, Lord John’s Wife” who attended the Field of Cloth of Gold in 1520. Her third husband, married before 1530, was Sir Richard Clement of Ightham Mote, Kent (d.1538). In spite of her clear identification in the will of the second Marquis of Dorset, which calls her “my sister Lady Anne Grey, wife to my brother John Lord Grey and now wife to Richard Clemente,” she is called the daughter of the first Marquis of Dorset in Collins’s Peerage and this mistake has been repeated in many places since. Clement’s will was proved December 2, 1538. Anne Barlee’s will is dated October 1, 1557 and was proved May 7, 1558. She asked to be buried at Albury with a tomb of marble or white alabaster.

Anne Barlee – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

[5] Ladye Elizabeth Cowntes of Oxforde late wif to the Lorde Beamont – Consulting Kate Emerson's wonderful Who's Who of Tudor Women (which she kindly allows us to quote from in appropriate snippets as long as we give credit), she appears to be this woman:

ELIZABETH SCROPE (d. June 26, 1537)

Elizabeth Scrope was the daughter of Sir Richard Scrope (d.1485) and Eleanor Washbourne (d.1505/6). On April 24, 1486 at Westminster, she married William, 2nd viscount Beaumont (d. December 19, 1507). He lost his reason in 1487 and was placed in the care of John de Vere, 13th earl of Oxford at Wivenhoe, Essex until his death. In 1508, Elizabeth married Oxford (September 8, 1442 - March 10, 1513). She was at court as one of Katherine of Aragon’s ladies in 1509. In his will, Oxford left Elizabeth “all manner of apparel to her person,” silk cloth, and “chains, rings, girdles, devices, beads, brooches, ouches and precious stones.” In 1520, she attended the Field of Cloth of Gold. In 1531, she bought the wardship of her nephew, John Audley (her sister Katherine’s son by Richard Audley of Swaffham, Norfolk). She wrote her will on May 30, 1537 and it was proved on November 6, 1537. She was buried at Wivenhoe with her first husband. Portrait: brass at Wivenhoe.

Elizabeth Scrope – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

Elizabeth Scrope: Denial of Wolsey’s Request

There is not any readily apparent connection to the Greys, however, nor why she would have a life interest where either the interest or the property itself defaulted to them at her death.

The Will of Elizabeth Scrope

The Will of Richard Scrope, Elizabeth's Father

The Will of Anne Jerningham, Lady Anne Grey

Moreover Elizabeth (nee Scrope) Beaumont de Vere (d.1537), Countess of Oxford, second wife of the 13th Earl, was related to the Audley family. Her sister, Katherine Scrope, married Richard Audley, and the Countess left bequests to members of the Audley family in her will (see TNA PROB 11/27/144). It thus seems possible that the testator was a descendant of the branch of the Audley family into which the Countess’ sister, Katherine, married.

The Will of Thomas Audley

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Elizabeth Scrope, Countess of Oxford

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Elizabeth Scrope was the sister of Mary Scrope Jerningham, Lady Kingston, the step-mother of Anne Jerningham, known as Lady Anne Grey after her marriage to the testator's eldest brother, Lord Edward Grey (d. 1517).

(The testator had two sisters-in-law that were known as Lady Anne Grey after their marriages with his brothers, causing untold confusing through the ages.)

It is possible that Elizabeth Scrope through this connection had managed to endear herself to either the testator's father, mother or two brothers who predeceased him enough to be remembered by them through a bequest, though this does not seem wholly likely.

ANNE JERNINGHAM (d.1559)

Anne Jerningham was the daughter of Sir Edmund Jerningham or Jernegan of Somerleyton, Suffolk (d. January 6, 1515) and Margaret Bedingfield (c.1476-March 24,1504). She was at court before May of 1511, when she received a half-year’s wages (100s). She was listed as a chamberer on October 9, 1514, when King Henry VIII’s sister, Mary Tudor, married King Louis XII of France. She was one of the few English attendants allowed to remain in France after the wedding. Sir Edward Grey (d. before 1517), eldest son of Thomas Grey, 1st marquis of Dorset, was also allowed to remain and they were married soon after, probably in France. As Lady Anne Grey, Anne remained in Mary Tudor’s service, accompanying her back to England after she (Mary) wed the duke of Suffolk. It is at this point that confusion begins. In spite of W. H. Challen’s “Lady Anne Grey” in the January 1963 Notes and Queries, in which he not only sorts out Anne Jerningham’s marriages but also those of Anne Barlee (d.1558), a concurrent “Lady Anne Grey,” subsequent publications, including the otherwise excellent account of the Field of Cloth of Gold in 1520 by Joycelyne G. Russell (1969) and Walter C. Richardson’s superb biography of Mary Tudor (1970), misidentify Anne Jerningham, most commonly calling her the eighth daughter of the 1st marquis of Dorset. As far as I have been able to determine, the 1st marquis of Dorset never had a daughter named Anne. It was Anne Jerningham, now Lady Anne Grey because of her marriage, who was in Mary Tudor’s service in 1516 and carried the infant Henry Brandon at his christening. Widowed by the spring of 1517, Anne was in Norfolk, in the household of the duke and duchess of Suffolk, when Queen Katherine of Aragon paid a visit. With her, I assume, came Mary Scrope Jerningham, Anne’s stepmother, who was one of the queen’s ladies. Richardson confuses matters even further by identifying the person who “contrived” an engagement for Lady Anne Grey as Anne Jerningham and calling her another of Mary Tudor’s ladies. He does not seem to realize that Anne Jerningham and Anne Grey were the same person. He bases his conclusions on the duke of Suffolk’s letter to Cardinal Wolsey, written on March 17, 1517 with the intention of making sure no blame fell upon him over the secret betrothal of one of his wife’s ladies to a ward of the king for whom Suffolk was responsible. It says, in part, that “Mrs. Jerningham” (Mrs. was the abbreviation for Mistress and so could mean either a single or a married woman) “took her daughter-in-law (ie. step-daughter) aside and privately insured young Berkely unto the Lady Anne Greye one of the Queen, my wife’s ladies.” Since no given names are included, several online genealogies that wrongly assume Lady Anne Grey is the youngest daughter of the marquis of Dorset, also misidentify “young Berkely” as Thomas Berkeley (1505-1534), grandson of the Baron Berkeley of 1517. Both his age and the fact that his father and grandfather were still living argue against this. Richardson says he is John Berkeley, son and heir of Sir Maurice Berkeley or Barkley of Yate, Gloucestershire, and one of the king’s wards. This is also incorrect, on two counts. John was not Sir Maurice’s son. In 1515, Sir Maurice bought the wardship and marriage of John Berkeley, son and heir of Richard Berkeley of Stoke Gifford, Gloucestershire. Futhermore, he would have been too young in 1517 to figure in the marriage plans of Lady Jerningham. The article in Notes and Queries speculates on other possibilities to have been “young Berkely” but comes to no definite conclusions as to his identity except that he was probably a distant connection of the family at Yate. In any case, he was apparently one of the king’s wards and the duke of Suffolk did not want to be accused of trying to marry him off without the king’s permission. He suggested in his letter to Wolsey that an example should be made of Mrs. Jerningham, but apparently, since the secret engagement had not progressed very far, she was not punished for her transgression. Challen does note, however, that Anne Jerningham’s will mentions “my son Sir John Barkley” and “my son William Barkley, Esquire.” However, all the other sons and daughters listed are actually stepchildren (although the History of Parliament assigns Henry Barlee’s one son and three daughters to Anne, his third wife). This suggests that Anne continued to have some sort of relationship with the youth she was briefly engaged to, but not that they actually married and had children. In fact, most sources indicate that Anne had no children with any of her husbands, and she did have three more of them. Her second husband was Henry Barlee of Albury, Hertfordshire (1487-November 12, 1529). It is not clear when she married him, but even if she had wed by 1520, she’d still have been listed as Lady Anne Grey at the Field of Cloth of Gold. She is listed in the King’s Book of Payments in April 1520, receiving her half year’s annuity of £6 13s. 4d. and again in September 1520 for the same. She was one of Barlee’s executors in 1529. At some point before 1531, she married Sir Robert Drury of Hawstead, Suffolk (d. March 1,1535/6), whose properties included a house in Bury St. Edmunds and one in the parish of St. Clement Danes, London, which later gave Drury Lane its name. Her fourth husband, to whom she was wed by 1543, was Sir Edmund Walsingham of Chislehurst, Kent (d. February 10, 1549/50), who was Lord Lieutenant of the Tower from 1521-1543. He left her the bulk of his household goods at Yaxe in Kent for her lifetime, together with the lease on her house in the Blackfriars and all personal property she had brought to their marriage. As Lady Anne Grey, she was living in Blackfriars in the 1550s. Anne was buried on April 6, 1559 beside her first husband in the church of St. Clement Danes, London. She left a will dated March 1, 1559 and proved May 8, 1559. A transcript can be found at http://www.oxford-shakespeare.com.

Anne Jerningham – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

Mary Scrope Jerningham, Lady Kingston – Wikipedia Page

MARY SCROPE (d. August 15, 1548)

Mary Scrope was one of the nine daughters of Sir Richard Scrope of Upsall, Yorkshire (d.1485) and Eleanor Washbourne (d.1505/6). Two of her older sisters were married to earls, Elizabeth, countess of Oxford and Margaret, countess of Suffolk. Mary was left a third part of £1000 for her dowry by her stepfather, Sir John Wyndham (d.1502). In about 1509, she married Sir Edward Jerningham of Somerleyton, Suffolk (d.1515), by whom she had Henry (1509-1571), Ferdinand, Edward, Edmund, and Elizabeth. Her will, however, mentions a daughter named Margaret and does not mention an Elizabeth. She had an active career at court from 1509-1527 as one of Katherine of Aragon’s ladies. On June 26, 1510, she received the gift of tawny velvet for a gown. Her husband was the queen’s cupbearer and her son Henry was a carver to Princess Mary. Edmund became a gentleman of the bedchamber to Henry VIII and Elizabeth was one of Queen Jane’s maids of honor. See the entry for Anne Jerningham for an incident involving the newly widowed Lady Jerningham in 1517. By the beginning of 1532, she married Sir William Kingston (by 1476-September 4, 1540), constable of the Tower from 1524 until his death. Although Lady Kingston was implicated in the affair of the Nun of Kent in 1533, she took part in Anne Boleyn’s coronation. She was ill at Wanstead in June 1534. During the imprisonment of Anne Boleyn, she was called upon to hear Anne’s apology to Mary Tudor and deliver it to the king’s daughter after Anne’s execution. Lady Kingston carried Mary Tudor’s train at the christening of Prince Edward, rode in the funeral cortege of Queen Jane, and was listed as one of the thirty ladies appointed as “ordinary waiters” upon Anne of Cleves in 1539. According to some accounts, she served the first four of Henry VIII’s wives and also spent some time in the household of Princess Mary. David Loades, in his biography of Mary Tudor, says she was in charge of a joint household for Mary and Elizabeth from March 1538 until April 1539. In her will she left her daughter Lady Anne Grey a goblet of silver and gilt with a cover and a ring with a ruby. She was particularly generous to her servant, Margaret Harris, leaving her gowns and other clothing, bedding, and even a tenement in Leyton, Essex. She added a codicil to revoke to revoke the bed of crimson velvet and cloth of gold panes she’d given to Sir Anthony Kingson (her stepson) and left it instead to Mary Jerningham, daughter of her son Henry. She asked to be buried at Painswick, Gloucestershire with her second husband, but her memorial brass, dated 1557, is at Low Leyton, Essex, where she was apparently buried on September 4, 1548. Portrait: possible portrait in a private collection.

Mary Scrope – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

Clearly the two women, step-mother and step-daughter, were close. 

As it woud appear, were the sisters Elizabeth and Mary Scrope:

«in 1537 Elizabeth Scrope, Countess of Oxfod, bequeathed three books of gold: one to Lady Anne de Vere, described as 'a boke of gold of the value of 100s with the crucifix and the salutation of our ladye to be newly made'; one to Mary Scrope, Lady Kingston, 'my booke of golde sett with perle'; and one to Frances de Vere, Lady Surrey, 'a boke of golde having dyvers leffys of golde with the salutacion of our Lady att the begynnyng'.»

«These 'books of gold' could be attached to a girdle like a jewel and in the middle of the centry continued the popular trend of wearing religious objects in the same way that small relics and rosaries had been worn before the Reformation. The value of the sacred words between the covers was reflected in the gold and gemstones that adorned them. Women were the principal patrons of the scribes, illuminators and goldsmiths who produced these books of gold and they wore them both as a fashionable clothing accessory and as a precious emblem of piety.»

The Feminine Dynamic in English Art, 1485-1603: Women as Consumers, Patrons and Painters by Susan E. James

Elizabeth Scrope, Countess of Oxford

[6] Cley Coton, Northamptonshire.

Letters and Papers – Henry VIII: May 1525, 21-31 Pages 595-610

28. Tho. marquis of Dorset. Grant, in fee, of the park called Beamount Lease, alias Beamount Wood, Leic., adjoining the King's park of Leicestre Fryth, and of Barden park, Leic.; in exchange for the Marquis's manor of Cley-Coton, Northt. Del. Westm., 28 May 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B.

[7] Margaret my wif Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset

MARGARET WOTTON (1487-1541)

Margaret Wotton was the daughter of Sir Robert Wotton of Boughton Malherbe, Kent (1465-1524), and Anne Belknap (d. before 1524). She was probably the Margaret Wootton in Elizabeth of York’s household c.1503, when she was paid £2 for six months of service as a part-time gentlewoman of honor. Her aunt, Margaret Belknap, was also part of that household. In 1505, she married William Medley of Whetnesse and Tachbrook Mallory, Warwickshire (1481-February 1509), by whom she had a son, George (d.1562). In 1509, she married Thomas Grey, 2nd marquis of Dorset (June 22, 1477-October 10, 1530), by whom she had Elizabeth (b.1510), Katherine (1512-1542), Anne (1514-January 1548), Henry, 3rd marquis (January 12, 1517-x. February 23, 1554), John (1523-November 19, 1569), Thomas (1526-x.1554), and a son and daughter who died young. Thomas Grey’s body was found intact when his coffin in the collegiate church at Astley, Warwickshire was opened in 1608. He was five foot eight inches tall and had smooth yellow hair. As marchioness of Dorset, Margaret accompanied Mary Tudor to France in 1514 and was one of Elizabeth Tudor’s godmothers. When her second husband died, King Henry granted her custody of all of his lands during the minority of her son. This son, Henry, had been betrothed to Lady Katherine FitzAlan, daughter of the earl of Arundel, but the two disliked each other and Henry rejected the match. To free him from this obligation, Margaret was obliged by the betrothal contract to pay 4000 marks to Arundel, which she did in yearly installments of 300 marks. On November 19, 1531, she wrote to Thomas Cromwell from Tiltey, Essex, where she lived in lodgings her late husband had paid to have built in the Cistercian monastery there, sending her son, George Medley, with the letter and a £40 gift for Cromwell. In the letter, she requested that Cromwell negotiate with Arundel to reduce the amount she owed him by 1000 marks. Her argument was that the contract of marriage between Arundel’s heir and her daughter, Katherine Grey, had only required a penalty of 3000 marks. Perhaps because he incurred this huge debt, Margaret did not get on well with her eldest son. A number of other letters to Cromwell exist, some of them included in Letters of Royal and Illustrious Ladies. In a letter dated February 8, 1535 from Tiltey, she sent him £10 and a cup because she had heard that he had heard a “sinister report” about her, one alleging that she had “hindered or impaired” the monastery at Tiltey. She and her husband had certainly meddled there. In 1530, at the request of the Marquess of Dorset, the abbot had been pensioned off and replaced. Tilty was not a wealthy monastery. There were only five monks in residence besides the abbot. On October 6, 1535, Margaret was granted a lease for sixty years on the grange, manor, and demesne lands at Tilty. After the abbey was dissolved, on February 26, 1536, this had to be confirmed by the state, which was accomplished on November 4, 1538. In the meantime, Margaret continued to live there much of the time. She was staying at the Archbishop of Canterbury’s palace of Croydon in October 1537 when Prince Edward was born. Because there were reports of plague in the village of Croydon, Margaret was banned from his christening, even though she was to have been one of his godparents. A letter she wrote to the king from Croydon, expressing her regret, is still extant. Yet another letter to Lord Cromwell dates from January 26, 1538, when she was staying at Ightham Mote in Kent (she had also visited there in February 1534). She asked Cromwell to take her son Thomas into his household. Portraits: a sketch by Holbein at Windsor; portrait by Holbein; miniature.

Margaret Wotton – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

[8] Egremont in Cumberland

[9] From 'The History and Antiquities of the Counties of Westmoreland and Cumberland':

[10] Possibly Thornham in Greater Manchester, historically a part of Lancashire, or Thurnham in Lancashire

See "A History of the County of Lancaster" Victoria County History series volume 8 pages 101-105. Available to read as BHO British History Online. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/lancs/vol8/pp101-105

Thurnham Township

"... belongs rather to Cockerham than to Lancaster ……. yet the larger part of its' area lies within the latter parish …."

Thurnham Manor

"Before the Conquest Thurnham ….. being held in 1066 by Earl Tostig. Afterwards it is found to belong to the Lancaster family …… It thus descended to the Harringtons of Aldingham (fn 8) and through Bonvil to Grey, being held by Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, executed for treason 1554. The duke had in 1552 sold it to Thomas Lowrie, citizen of London (fn 9)….."

Footnotes:

7. Crown dues received by Thomas Parr of Kendal.

8. Elizabeth Harrington married William Bonvil. Their granddaughter and heir, Cecily, married Thomas Grey, Marquis of Dorset. Their son, Thomas died 1530.

9. Sale to Thomas Lowrie included manor & lands, 2 water mills, 20 saltpits &c. in Thurnham, Glasson and Cockerham.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Katherine Parr, 6th & last wife to King Henry, was from Kendal. Glasson has/had a dock on the River Lune. Lancaster was an important international port in 18thC.

Thomas Lowrie sold Thurnham Manor to Robert Dalton not long after and seemingly made a large profit . The Dalton family still owned it nearly 300 years later, in spite of having it confiscated twice, being on Royalist side in English Civil War and Jacobite in 1715. The Daltons were Catholic. A later footnote lists their holdings. Forton is on the list.

[11] Ulverston - now in Cumbria, historically in Lancashire

[12] Enerdal is Ennerdale, Cumbria. River Ehen. Apparently forfeited by Henry Duke of Suffolk, father of Lady Jane Grey. Ennerdale in Cumbria

[13] South Woodham Ferrers in Essex

[14] The fact that his daughter Mary is singled out two times in the will, and as the heir in case all of his sons should pass away without heirs, suggests that she was the eldest daughter.

Her name is definitely spelled Mary ('marye' and 'Marye') with a y. She was not named Margaret.

[15] CECILY BONVILLE (1460-May 12, 1529)

Cecily Bonville was the daughter of William Bonville, Lord Harington (c.1442-December 30, 1466) and Katherine Neville (c.1535-November 22, 1503). She married her first husband, Thomas Grey, marquis of Dorset (1451-1501), on July 18, 1474. She had fourteen children by Grey—Edward (d. by March 1517), Thomas, 2nd marquis (1477-1530), Leonard (1479-July 28, 1541), Dorothy (c.1480-1553), Mary (1493-February 22, 1538), Eleanor (d. by 1507), Elizabeth (c.1497-1548+), Cecily (c.1497-April 28, 1554), John (d.1523), Margaret (d.1523+), George (d.1523+), Richard, Bridget (d.yng), and Anthony (d.yng). Her second husband was a man nineteen years her junior, Henry Stafford, earl of Wiltshire (1479-March 6, 1523). This second marriage, which took place on November 22, 1503, required a papal dispensation and the king’s license, costing £1000 according to one source and £2000 according to another. Cecily granted her new husband a life estate in properties worth £1000 a year and promised to leave him the rest of her inheritance should her son and heir, Thomas Grey, marquis of Dorset, die before her. In spite of her generosity, Stafford was heavily in debt by the time he died and, in 1524, Cecily disposed of her remaining property. She gave £1000 to each of her four surviving daughters, small annuities to her younger sons, and kept 300 marks as an annuity for herself. The rest was used to repay her second husband’s debts. In her will, written on May 6, 1527 and proved November 5, 1530, she asked to be buried with her first husband in the chapel within the church of the college of Astley in Warwickshire and provided for the building of “a goodly tomb.” She left “my beloved Lord Richard” the manor of Multon, Lincolnshire. Lord [John?] Grey received Yoke, Pokington, Torrells, and Littleston, Somerset for life and Lord Leonard Grey received Says-Bonville and Pixton, Somerset and Marston, Sussex for life. Portrait: effigy in St. Mary’s Church, Ashley, Warwickshire.

A Who’s Who of Tudor Women - Cecily Bonville

Cecily Bonville - Astley Church

[16] ANNE GREY (1514-January 1548)

Anne Grey was the youngest daughter of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset (1477-1530) and Margaret Wotton (1487-1541). She married Sir Henry Willoughby of Wollaton (1510-August 27, 1549) and by him had Thomas (1540-1559), Margaret (1544-1578+), and Francis (1546-1596). As far as I can tell, she did nothing significant other than marry and have children, but I include her here because of the confusion over the many Lady Anne Greys. This one was definitely too young to have been in the household of Mary Tudor, Duchess of Suffolk, in 1517.

A Who’s Who of Tudor Women – Anne Grey

[17] Sir Henry Willoughby (d.1549)

Henry was the son of Edward Willoughby (d.1541) and his wife Anne, daughter of Sir William Filliol of Woodlands, Dorset. Anne Filliol was the sole heiress of Woodlands, since her sister Katherine, wife of Edward Seymour, Protector Somerset, was cut out of her father's will. Henry's grandfather was Sir Henry Willoughby (1451-1528) of Wollaton and Middleton. Henry inherited the Woodlands estate when his father died in 1541, and the Wollaton and Middleton estates from his uncle Sir John Willoughby in January 1548/9. He was only able to enjoy this inheritance for a few months, as he died in August 1549 while fighting in Kett's Rebellion, leaving three young children. Henry married Anne Grey, daughter of Thomas, 2nd Marquess of Dorset, and had Thomas (d.1558), Margaret and Francis (1546-1596)

Biography of Sir Henry Willoughby (d.1549) – The University of Nottingham

[18] Allso I will that if the mariage solemnised and had betwene Anne my doughter and Henry Willowghby Esquier sonne and heire apparannt of s(ir) Edwarde Wyllowghby knyght be dyssolvid by reason and disag^r^e(-)ment of either of them at their laufull age of consent or by reason of dethe of the same Henry Willowghby and before carnall knowledge had betwene them that then the said Anne shalhave towardes hir mariage one thousand poundes sterling as hir other susters shalhave

This means that a marriage ceremony or the equivalent had taken place. Probably the 'married by agreement dated 20 Sept. 1528' mentioned in the Magna Carta Ancestry. But the marriage had not yet been consummated. They were not cohabitating.

be dyssolvid by reason and disag^r^e(-)ment of either of them at their laufull age of consent

Neither party, not Henry Willoughby, nor the testator's daughter Anne, had reached the lawful age of consent in 1530 when her father wrote his will. Child marriages could take place, but then both parties had right to refuse when they reached the canonical age of consent, which was 12 for girls and 14 for boys, making the marriage invalid. Margaret Beaufort, Henry VII's mother, did this with her first marriage.

Which means that Sir Henry Willougby (d.1549) was born after the second of June 1516 and Lady Anne Grey (d.1548) was born after the second of June 1518, that is to say, Sir Henry Willouby was under the age of 14 and Lady Anne Grey was under the age of 12 at the second of June 1530.

[19] phillip the Eremyte = Phillip the Hermit

[20] Cutbert Tunstall now electe busshopp of Durh(a)m Cuthbert Tunstall

[21] Sir John ffytziames now cheif Justice of the kynges benche – Sir John Fitzjames

[22] William Shelley one of the kynges Iustices of his com(m)on place – Probably Sir William Shelley. He seems also to be a distant relation of Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset, through the Belknap connection.

[23] Edwarde Wotton knyght – Sir Edward Wotton was his brother-in-law, the brother of Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset. Henry VIII would later nominate him as one of his executors and a privy councillor to his son Edward, the later Edward VI.

[24] William Ashebye Esquire – Probably William Ashby of Lowesby

[25] Robert Brocke clerke – Possibly the same Roberte Broke scolemaster that was left xxli yearly earlier in the will. Might be the Sir Robert Broke who was a British justice, politician and legal writer. According to the Wikipedia article, 'Broke's judicial career began in 1536 when he was appointed Common Serjeant of London on the recommendation of Henry VIII and the queen, Jane Seymour; how he gained such royal favour is unknown.'

Well, if he is indeed the same Robert Broke, we now know the answer to that.

[26] my lorde lyle or lysley – Probably Arthur Plantagenet, 1st Viscount Lisle

He was Elizabeth of York's half-brother, the illegitimate son of her father Edward IV. And for many years a favoured courtier of Henry VIII.

He is the only fit for the title in 1530. Earlier it would have belonged to Charles Brandon, later to Ambrose Dudley.

[27] my suster Cicelye now wife to sir John Dudley

CECILY GREY (c.1497-April 1554)

Cecily Grey was the daughter of Thomas Grey, 1st marquis of Dorset (1451-1501) and Cecily Bonville (1460-May 12, 1529). Some sources give her a birth date as early as 1488. She married John Sutton, 3rd baron Dudley (1496-April 18, 1553). Their betrothal took place before October 30, 1501.Their children were Edward, 4th baron (1506-July 9, 1586), Henry (1515-1556), Thomas, George, John, Margaret, Dorothy, Elizabeth, and possibly Mary (b.1537). In February 1537, Lady Dudley wrote to Lord Cromwell to complain of the poverty she and her husband had to endure. She claimed she and one of her daughters and their woman and man had only £20 a year to live on and had to rely on Agnes Oulton, the prioress of Nuneaton, for meat and drink. She was apparently living at the priory at that time. Nuneaton was dissolved on September 12, 1539. Cecily was buried at St. Margaret’s Westminster on April 28, 1554.

A Who’s Who of Tudor Women – Cecily Grey

[28] sir John Dudley – Sir John Dudley or Sutton, 3rd Baron Dudley

[29] the feastes of saint Michaell tharchangell – The Feast of Michaelmas was gradually downgraded after Reformation and replaced by Harvest Festival.

[30] the Annunciacion of our lady – The Feast of the Annunciation is 25th March, also known as Lady Day and one of the quarter days, a traditional day for leases to begin & end and rents to be paid. 

[31] Christofer wren gentilman – May be this gentleman:

"In the chancel of the church of Withibrook," says Dugdale, "in the county of Warwick, lieth a fair marble, with plates of brass upon it, representing a gentleman of this family and his wife, with this inscription: 'Of your charity, pray for the souls of Christopher Wren, gentleman, and Christian his wife: the which Christopher deceside the 25th day of November, 1543; on whose souls, and all christian souls, Jesus have mercy – Amen'" The Lives of the Most Eminent British Painters, Sculptors and Architects by Allan Cunningham

He may be a relation of Sir Christopher Wren, the famous architect.

A portrait of Lady Jane Grey was noted by George Perfect Harding as being «owned in 1804 by Christopher Roberts Wren, fourth-generation descendant of the seventeenth-century architect Sir Christopher Wren, of Wroxhall Abbey, Warwickshire. Wroxhall was sold in 1861 and soon demolished, to be replaced by a new mansion in 1866. The estate was eventually liquidated in 1995 and the last contents of the house were removed, their disposition unknown today.» (A Queen of a New Invention by J. Stephan Edwards, p. 189)

[32] my soverayne lorde the kynge King Henry VIII of England

[33] my lady Anne Boleyne Anne Boleyn

[34] Thomas nowe Duke of Norff(olk) Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk. The uncle of Anne Boleyn and Katherine Howard

[35] Charles nowe Duke of SuffolkeCharles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk. His daughter Frances would later marry the testator's son Henry, with great tragedy as the result for their three daughters, Lady Jane Grey, Lady Katherine Grey, and Lady Mary Grey.

[36] shr [sir?] William Fitzwill(ia)m now Channcelour of the duchieWilliam FitzWilliam, 1st Earl of Southampton

[37] sir Henry Gulford now Comptroller of the kynges houseSir Henry Guildford. The testator's brother-in-law, he was married to Margaret Wotton's sister Mary.

[38] doctour Stephyns nowe secretarye unto the kynges graceStephen Gardiner

[39] Mary Coplay x li to her mariage – The testator was married to Margaret Wotton, through her marriage Marchioness of Dorset. Margaret Wotton was the daughter of Sir Robert Wotton and Anne Belknap. Anne Belknap's sister Alice Belknap married William Shelley. Alice Belknap's children Elizabeth Shelley and Thomas Shelley married another set of brother and sister, Sir Roger Copley and Mary Copley, in a double marriage between the families.

A double marriage between families was common at the time, coupling off two sets of siblings. The testator's son Henry Grey's marriage to Katherine FitzAlan and his sister Katherine Grey's marriage to Henry FitzAlan was meant to be just such a double marriage. Henry Grey, however, famously jilted her, saddling his family with gigantic debts for the broken betrothal, and fatefully married Frances Brandon instead.

Sir Roger Copley and Elizabeth Shelley's eldest son was born sometime around 1532/4 (sources vary), making it likely that the double marriage took place around shortly after the time of the testator's bequest.

If that is indeed the right Mary Coplay, she was the bride of the testator's wife's nephew.

Sir Roger Copley of Gatton – Geni Profile

Sir Thomas Copley – Wikipedia Page

From Kate Emerson's excellent Who's Who of Tudor Women (which we are allowed to quote from as long as we give credit):

ALICE BELKNAP (c.1475-1537)

Alice Belknap was one of the six daughters of Henry Belknap of Crofton, Kent and Knell, Beccles, Sussex (d. July 3, 1488) and Margaret Knollys (1432-October 7, 1488) and the sister of Sir Edward Belknap (July 30, 1473-1521). She married William Shelley of London, Michelgrove, Sussex, and Mapledurham, Hampshire (1476-1549). The date of their marriage settlement is July 10, 1511, but they appear to have married before that date. Some sources say as early as 1500. They had seven sons and seven daughters including John (d. 1550), Thomas, Edward (d. September 10, 1547), Richard (1513/14-1589), Elizabeth (d. December 25, 1560), James, Margaret, and Catherine. In London they lived in the parish of St. Sepulcre and Shelley was assessed at 300 marks in goods in the subsidy of 1523. His lands were valued at £140 a year. Alice had a servant named Jane Smith (d.1529) to whom she gave the manuscript known as the “Belknap Hours.” Jane married John Onley of Catesby Northamptonshire (d. November 22, 1537), who may have been brought up in the Belknap household and whose entry at the Inner Temple was sponsored by William Shelley. Portrait: tomb effigy with husband and fourteen children in St. Mary the Virgin, Clapham, Sussex.

Alice Belknap – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

Jane married John Onley of Catesby Northamptonshire (d. November 22, 1537)

[40] Anne Elmar – Anne may have been the sister of the Frances Aylmer who followed Princess Mary Tudor into Wales alongside the testator's daugther Lady Katherine Grey. Frances Aylmer was a lady of the privy chamber to Princess Mary Tudor from at least 1525 until 1533 and returned to her service in 1536. Frances and Anne Aylmer were the daughters of Edmund Aylmer and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Tyrell of Beches.

They were probably relations of John Aylmer, tutor to Lady Jane Grey, and later Bishop of London.

Short title: Aylmer v Curson. Plaintiffs: Frances, and Anne daughters and heirs and executors of Elizabeth, late the wife of Edmund Aylmer, gentleman - The National Archives

Short title: Ailmer v Howard. Plaintiffs: Edmund Ailmer and Elizabeth, his wife, daughter of William Tyrell, of Beches, knight - The National Archives

[41] Elenour Palmer – Perhaps Eleanor Palmer (died 1558) who was an English philanthropist who established a charity to help the poor of Chipping Barnet and Kentish Town, now parts of London. Her charity still exists and owns and runs almshouses and residential homes for the elderly.

If this is the right Eleanor Palmer, she would have already have been married once. Her first husband died in 1509, her second in 1542, so it might fit that this was a bequest towards her second marriage. In one of those strange twists of fate, Eleanor Palmer's son Jerome (d.1565) married Eleanor, daughter of William Paget, 1st Baron Paget. This William Paget, 1st Baron Paget, would later buy the wardship of Thomas Willoughby, the eldest son of Anne Grey, Lady Willoughby, and the testator's grandson and probably named for him, and had him married to his daughter Dorothy, briefly connecting the families.

[42] Tylltey (Tyltey, Tiltey, Tilty) appears to have been another name for where the Greys were from: Tilty Church and Abbey

According to Kate Emerson's excellent A Who’s Who of Tudor Women, which I should of course have consulted first, we have the following information:

ANNE GREY (1514-January 1548)

Anne Grey was the youngest daughter of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset (1477-1530) and Margaret Wotton (1487-1541). She married Sir Henry Willoughby of Wollaton (1510-August 27, 1549) and by him had Thomas (1540-1559), Margaret (1544-1578+), and Francis (1546-1596). As far as I can tell, she did nothing significant other than marry and have children, but I include her here because of the confusion over the many Lady Anne Greys. This one was definitely too young to have been in the household of Mary Tudor, Duchess of Suffolk, in 1517.

Anne Grey – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

ELIZABETH GREY (c.1510-c.1564)

Elizabeth Grey was the daughter of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquis of Dorset (June 22, 1477-October 10, 1530) and Margaret Wotton (1487-1541). On April 22, 1538, she married Thomas, baron Audley of Walden (1488-April 30, 1544). They had two daughters, Margaret (1539-January 10, 1564) and Mary. In her widowhood, Elizabeth lived at Audley End, near Saffron Walden. Her daughter Margaret, who had married the duke of Norfolk, came to her there to give birth to each of her children. According to the catalog of an exhibit of works by Hans Holbein, Elizabeth married Sir George Norton in 1549 and died before her daughter, but other sources, including Neville Williams’s biography of Thomas, 4th duke of Norfolk, say she looked after her grandchildren from the time of her daughter’s death until Norfolk remarried in 1567. Portraits: Holbein sketch at Windsor c.1540; miniature (watercolor on vellum) c.1540; portrait said to be Lady Audley in the 1560s and attributed to John Bettes the Younger.

Elizabeth Grey – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

KATHERINE GREY (1512-1542)

Katherine Grey was the daughter of Thomas Grey, Marquis of Dorset (1477-1530) and Margaret Wotton (1487-1541). She married Henry Fitzalan, Lord Maltravers, heir to the earl of Arundel (April 23, 1512-February 25, 1579/80) in 1532. Her brother was to have wed his sister, but the match was called off when Henry Grey married Lady Frances Brandon instead. As Lady Maltravers, Katherine was listed as a member of the household of Princess Mary Tudor in October 1533. She had three children by Maltravers: Joan (1536-July 7, 1576), Henry (1538-June 30, 1556), and Mary (1540-August 25, 1557).

Katherine Grey – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

Kate Emerson does not have an entry for 'our' Mary Grey, only her aunt and niece by the same name.

(The ‘Maria uxor Walteri Douoreux Vicocom’ Heref.’ that is listed in the Heraldic Visitations of Leicester in 1619 as the daughter of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset and Margaret Wotton, was the Mary Grey who married Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford prior to 1501. She was the daughter of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset and Cecily Bonville, and the sister of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset, not his daughter. That Mary was the aunt of our Mary, and not our Mary at all.

MARY GREY (1493-February 22, 1537/8)

Mary Grey was the daughter of Thomas Grey, 1st marquis of Dorset (1451-1501) and Cecily Bonville (1460-May 12, 1529). She was the first wife of Walter Devereux, Lord Ferrers of Chartley, later 1st viscount Hereford (c.1489-September 27, 1558) and the mother of Richard (d. October 13, 1547), Henry (c.1515-before October 13, 1547), William (c.1525-before November 2, 1579), Anne, and possibly Katherine. She was at court as a Lady of the Bedchamber to Katherine of Aragon by 1517. Portrait: tomb effigy at Stowe by Chartley, Staffordshire.

Mary Grey – A Who's Who of Tudor Women)

The King’s Pearl Blog Tour – Cousins, servants, friends – Mary and the Grey family by Melita Thomas

«By his second wife, Margaret Wotton (painted by Holbein), the 2nd Marquis of Dorset had at least seven children, of whom several were Mary’s friends or in her household. The Marquis himself was named as Grand Steward of her Household when she went to the Marches of Wales in 1525, but it seems to have been an honorary title whilst his daughter, Lady Katherine, actually accompanied Mary. Lady Katherine remained with the princess until her household was broken up in 1533. By then, Katherine was Lady Maltravers (Lady Maltravers did not die in 1532, as Wikipedia suggests – she had three children in the late 1530s, dying probably in 1542).

At the New Year of 1538, Mary tipped the servants of Lady Kildare and Lady Margaret Grey for bringing gifts. Lady Margaret Grey was now amongst Mary’s attendants and on Twelfth Night 1538, they played cards together, Mary starting out with the sum of 20s – although we don’t know how much she ended the evening with. Lady Kildare gave the princess a comb-case worked with pearls as a New Year gift in 1541, whilst her niece, Lady Anne Grey, gave artificial flowers.

In 1543, Lady Margaret sent the princess a cheese. She followed this up with the gift of a partlet (short wrap covering the upper arms, worn over the gown). Mary reciprocated with a present of two sovereigns. The next year, Lady Margaret and Lady Anne Grey gave Mary gifts of conserve (jam). Mary loved fruit of all kinds, so the delivery of jam in November was probably a much-appreciated treat. That New Year of 1544, Mary also received gifts from her cousin, Frances, Marchioness of Dorset, and Lady John Grey (Mary Browne).»

Women, Religion and Education in Early Modern England by Kenneth Charlton

«When she was 9 the wardship of Katherine, daughter of William, tenth Lord Willoughby, was purchased by Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, and it was in his house that she was brought up under the tutelage of his first wife Mary Tudor, sister of Henry VIII and Dowager Queen of France, together with the latter’s two daughters by her previous marriage, and her neice Lady Margaret Douglas, daughter of the Earl of Angus and Queen Margaret of Scotland. Katherine

128 Women, religion and education in early modern England

later married Charles Brandon as his fourth wife and, on his death, as Dowager Duchess of Suffolk was a fervent supporter of the reforming party in religion, in her turn maintaining several ‘children of honour’ in her household at Grimsthorpe in Lincolnshire.11 Four of the six daughters of Edward Seymour, the disgraced Lord Protector Somerset, were committed by the Privy Council to the guardianship of their aunt Elizabeth Cromwell, widow of Thomas Cromwell’s son Gregory. Margaret, aged 5 and Francis, aged 3, the two younger children of Sir Henry and Lady Anne Willoughby, were sent on their father’s death in 1549 to the care of their uncle, Henry Medley. When she was 6 Margaret was presented with her own copy of the Bible. She later continued her education as lady-in-waiting to the Duchess of Suffolk, and went with her to the court of Queen Mary Tudor, and ultimately to that of Queen Elizabeth.»

August 1525

The names of all the ladies and gentlemen who are to accompany the Princess into Wales; with the quantity of black velvet allowed to each.

Lady Salisbury, lady Katharine Grey, Mrs. Katharine Mountecue, Mrs. Elizabeth Poole, Mrs. Custaunce Poole, Mrs. Anne Knevet, Mrs. Dannet, Mrs. Baker, Mrs. Cecill Dabridgecourt, Mrs. Frances Elmer, Mrs. Anne Rede, Mrs. Marie Wycter, Mrs. Petir, Mrs. Anne Dannet and Mrs. Anne Darell. Mrs. Parker and Mrs. Geynes are to have black damask.—Memoranda in the margin of the delivery of the velvet to each of the ladies by Mr. Ley, J. Scutte, Mr. Wheeler and Ric. Hoge. Signed by Wolsey.

Henry VIII: August 1525, 16-31 Pages 706-723

 

Grants in October 1530

Margaret lady Grey, servant to queen Katharine. Annuity of 20l. Hampton Court, 17 Oct. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 31.

Henry VIII: October 1530, 16-31 Pages 3013-3026

1533 - The Princess Mary's Household
Account of Will. Cholmeley, cofferer of the household of the princess Mary, for one year, ended 30 Sept. [25 Hen. VIII.]: On Monday, 17 March, there came to dinner the marchioness of Dorset, lady Grey, and others ; on Thursday, 10 April, lord Sandes and Sir Will. Fitzwilliam ; on Tuesday, 15 April, the marchioness of Dorset, lady Matravers and her two sisters, with others. At Otforde from Tuesday, 6 May, to Wednesday, 2 July. On Thursday, 15 May, there came to dinner Sir Will. Ascue, Sir And. Billisbe, and Sir Rice Mauncell ; on Thursday, 5 June, lords Montague and Hastings, Sir Geoff. Pale (Pole), Sir Will. Huse, and Sir John Beryn ; on Monday, 9 June, the marquis of Dorset, his mother and sister

Henry VIII: December 1533, 11-20 Pages 613-626

 

New Year's Gifts 1st January 1534

New year's gifts given to the King, 1 Jan. 25 Hen. VIII.

Lords. The same names as in list for 1532, except that lords Powes, Burrough and Wm. Howard take the place of lords Edmund Howard, Geo. Grey and Delawarre.

Duchesses, Countesses, and Ladies. Lady Margaret Angwisshe [Lady Margaret Douglas], countess of Shrewsbury, lady Anne (now Queen) [Anne Boleyn]. Ladies Stannope, Oughtrede [Elizabeth Seymour, Jane's sister, later Lady Cromwell], Mary Rocheford [Mary Boleyn], Tailbous and Darell omitted.

New year's gifts given by the King, 1 Jan. 25 Hen. VIII.

The list of names includes most of the persons from whom the King received gifts, with the following in addition: the earl of Essex, lord Ferrers, the Lord Chamberlain with the Queen, lord of Lincoln, lord Marques Dorset [Henry Grey, 3rd Marquess of Dorset], the lord of Surrey, lady Margret Angwisshe [Lady Margaret Douglas], lady Stannope, lady Shelton, Sir J. Shelton's wife, lady Margaret Grey, Mrs. Marshall, mistress of the maidens, Mrs. Zouche, Mrs. Holland, Mrs. Shelton, Mrs. Gambaige, Mrs. Assheley, Mrs. Seymour, Mrs. Margery, Mrs. Cobham, Mrs. Morres, Mrs. Toppes, Mrs. Nurse. Mrs. Hilles, Sir Ric. Sacheverell, Sir John Shelton, Sir Wm. Pounder, Roger Raddif. Antony Knevet, Dr. Butte, Wm. Skidmore, gentleman usher, Lee, gentleman usher. John Parker, of the Robes, the King's master cook, Geo. Lufkin, Blakennall, yeoman of the Crown, Mark Anthony.

Signed at beginning and end by the King.

The presents are piate [plate]. The names of the makers, Freman. Wolf, Cornells, and T. Trsppes, are appended to each article. To the duchess of Richmond [Mary Howard, Duchess of Richmond, the wife of the King's illegitimate son] and lady Margaret Angus [Lady Margaret Douglas], the King gave gifts himself, so no article is put to their names.

List of plate received from John Freman, Cornelis Heyes, Morgam Wolf and Thos. Trappes, goldsmiths, for new years gifts, with the names of the persons to whom each article is given.

Henry VIII: January 1534, 1-5 Pages 4-12

 

New Year's Gifts 1st January 1538

Servants to the lady Mary [Mary I Tudor], (53s. 4d.), the duchess of Suffolk [Katherine Willoughby], the old lady of Norfolk, the ladies of Westmoreland, Rutland, ladies Powis, Sandes, Dorset, Huntingdon, Mounteagle, Audeler (40s.), the lady of Kent, ladies Wollopp, Rochford [Jane Parker, George Boleyn's widow], Broune, Bryan, young lady Marquis Dorset [Frances Brandon, later Duchess of Suffolk, Henry VIII's niece and Jane Grey's mother], ladies Guildford, Derby, Caltrope, Baynton, Hertford, Kingston, Russell, Hampton, Hawarde, Russell of Worcestershire, Zouche, Shelton, Paulet, young lady Knevet, ladies Hennage, Dudley, Page, lady of Sussex, ladies Bridgwater, lady of Kildare, lady Margaret Grey, lady Harbert of Troy, Mrs. Hil, (this case "in reward"), Mrs. Denys, and Mrs. Chamborne.

Henry VIII: Miscellaneous, 1538 Pages 496-539

New Year's Gifts 1st January 1540

Servants of the Lady Mary [Mary I Tudor], 53s. 4d.; of Lady Elizabeth [Elizabeth I Tudor], 20s.; of the duchess of Suffolk [Katherine Willoughby], old lady of Norfolk, duchess of Richmond [Mary Howard, Duchess of Richmond, the wife of the King's illegitimate son], lady of Westmoreland, and lady of Rutland, 20s. each; of lady Powes, 13s. 4d.; of the lady Marquis Dorset [Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset], 20s., lady Huntingdon, 20s., Mounteagle, 13s. 4d., Audeley, the Lord Chancellor's wife [our Elizabeth Grey, Lady Audley], 40s., the lady of Kent [Margaret Finch, Countess of Kent, married name Grey at the time][1], 10s., the lady of Rochford [Jane Parker Boleyn], 13s. 4d., lady Browne, 10s., Bryan, 10s., the young lady Marquis Dorset [Frances Brandon, later Duchess of Suffolk, Henry VIII's niece and Jane Grey's mother], 20s., lady Guildford, 13s. 4d., lady of Derby, 20s., of ladies Calthrop, Baynton (10s.), Hertford, Kinston, Hampton, Russell, Lister, Russell of Worcestershire, Souche, young lady Knevett, St. John (10s.), Hennage, Shelton, Dudley, Page, Sussex, Kildare, Margaret Grey, Herbert of Troy, Bridgewater (20s.), Margaret Douglas, Egecum, Carewe and Taylbushe, 13s. 4d. each; of Mrs. Hill, Mrs. Bowcher, Mrs. Deny, Mrs. Chamborne, Mrs. Jenyns, Mrs. Dorothy Bray, Mrs. Meawtis, and the lord Prince's nurse (that brought “a dossen hankerchers garnished with gold”), 10s. each.

Henry VIII: Miscellaneous 1540 Pages 178-210

 

New Year's Gifts 1st January 1541

(I think? – “Rewards given on Saturday, New Year's Day, at Hampton Court, anno xxxijo”)

'of the lady Mary and lady Anne Cleves, 53s. 4d. each; of the duchess of Suffolk, the old lady of Norfolk, the duchess of Richmond, the lady Westmoreland, the lady of Rutland, the lady marquis Dorset, the lady of Huntingdon, and lady Audeley, 20s. each; of ladies Rochford, Bryan (10s.), Guildford, Caltrope, Denys (10s.), Baynton (10s.), of Hertford, Kingston, Russell, of Hampton, Hawarde (10s.), Lyster, Russell of Worcestershire, Zouche, Shelton, the young lady marquis Dorset (20s.), Knevitt, St. John, Hennage, Dudley, Page, of Sussex, of Kildare, Herbert of Troy, of Bridgewater (20s.), Margret Dugles (20s.), Edgecombe, Carowe, Tailbushe, Crumwell, Wriothesley, and Bray, 13s. 4d. each; Mrs. Hill, servant, reward, “Mrs. Bourches, servant,” Mrs. Denys', Mrs. Chambours', Mrs. Jenyns', Mrs. Mewtes', the lord Prince's nurse (that brought “a dozen hankerchers garnished with gold”), Mrs. Penn, Mrs. Turwhit, and Mrs. Herbert, 10s. each;'

Henry VIII: Miscellaneous 1541 Pages 696-730

 

[1] MARGARET FINCH (d.1540/1)

Margaret Finch was the daughter of James Finch or Fynche of London. She was married three times. Her first husband was John Dawes (d.1514), a grocer and London alderman living in Farringdon Without. Her second husband was Oliver Curteis or Curteys. On January 23, 1520/1, she married Richard Grey, 3rd earl of Kent (1481-1524), whose first wife had died on November 19,1516. Margaret had a dowry of 2000 marks, which Kent planned to use to redeem manors he’d sold off in previous years. In partial preparation for her new status as a countess, Margaret purchased twelve ells of Holland cloth, half an ell of popinjay sarcenet, and a frontlet of gold. The cost for all these together was £48 2s. 2d. She appears to have had no children by any of her husbands.

Margaret Finch – A Who's Who of Tudor Women

Queen Jane’s Funeral Procession

 

First Chariot:

  • *Mary Arundell, Countess of Sussex
  • *Frances Brandon, Marchioness of Dorset
  • *Mabel Clifford, Countess of Southampton
  • Cecily Daubeney, Countess of Bath
  • *Lady Margaret Douglas
  • *Eleanor Paston, Countess of Rutland
  • Elizabeth Trussell, Countess of Oxford
  •  
  •  
  •  

Second Chariot:

  • *Elizabeth Bryan, Lady Carew
  • Lady Margaret Grey
  • *Jane Parker, Lady Rochford
  • Dorothy Howard, Countess of Derby

 

Lists of the names of the Ladies in each Queen's household

'Lord Thomas Grey

(d. 1554) [DNB sub Thomas, 2nd marquis of Dorset (his father>]

Younger brother to Henry Gray, the duke of Suffolk, and uncle to Lady Jane Grey

Thomas Grey was brought to London 21 February 1554 and put in the Tower (1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1397; 1583, p. 1467).

He was beheaded soon after 21 February in North Wales (1563, p. 923; 1570, p. 1585; 1576, p. 1352; 1583, p. 1423). [NB: This entry is contradicted by the next and is, in fact, in error.]

He was executed 27 April 1554 (1570, p. 1639; 1576, p. 1399; 1583, p. 1469).

[David Loades, Two Tudor Conspiracies (Cambridge 1965), p. 104, has 24 April as the date.]

1583 Edition, page 1447 | 1583 Edition, page 1491 | 1583 Edition, page 1493'

 

 

ENGLISH BOOK COLLECTORS EDITED BY ALFRED POLLARD ENGLISH BOOK COLLECTORS BY WILLIAM YOUNGER FLETCHER F.S.A. LONDON KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRÜBNER AND COMPANY, LIMITED 1902

 

'Arundel passed the remainder of his life in retirement, affectionately tended until her death
in 1577 by 'his nursse and deare beloved childe' Lady Lumley. He died on the 24th of February
1580 at Arundel House in the Strand, and was buried in the Collegiate Chapel at Arundel, where
a monument, with an inscription by his son-in-law, Lord Lumley, was erected to his memory.

Arundel was twice married. By his first wife, Katherine, second daughter of Thomas Grey, Marquis
of Dorset, he had one son, Henry, Lord Maltravers, who died in 1556, and two daughters: Jane,
who married Lord Lumley, and Mary, who became the wife of Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, beheaded
in 1572. His second wife, Mary, who died in 1557, was a daughter of Sir John Arundell of Lanherne,
Cornwall, and widow of Robert Ratcliffe, first Earl of Sussex. By her he had no issue.'

 

 

Anne GREY

Born: ABT 1514 / 1520

https://www.tudorplace.com.ar/GREY5.htm#Anne%20GREY1

 

Margaret WILLOUGHBY

Born: 1538, Wollaton, Nottingham, England

Died: AFT 1578

Notes: upon the death of her father, Margaret and her younger brother Francis were sent to live in the household of her mother’s half brother, George Medley at Tilty in Essex and in the Minories, London. After Wyatt’s Rebellion in 1554, the house in the Minories was searched and Medley was briefly in prison. Margaret’s uncle, Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, and her cousin, Lady Jane Grey, were executed at that time. Margaret seems to have joined the household of the widowed Duchess of Suffolk and been with her at the court of Queen Mary, although she was only eleven at the time. The Duchess was at court from Jul 1554 until May 1555. At Christmas 1555, still a very young girl to be a maid of honor, Margaret joined the household of Elizabeth Tudor at Hatfield. It was while she was there that John Harington wrote his poem in praise of six of Elizabeth's gentlewomen. He calls Margaret "worthye willobe" and comments upon her "pearcing eye". It is not clear if she stayed on after Elizabeth's household was reorganized by order of Queen Mary in Jun 1556. At fifteen or sixteen, in 1559 or 1560, Margaret married Matthew Arundell of Wardour. On 16 Jul 1565, Margaret supped with her cousin, the Lady Mary Grey, and two other gentlewomen. At nine that evening, Mary married Thomas Keyes without the Queen’s permission. Margaretknew about the wedding but remained outside the chamber where it was performed so that she could say she had not actually witnessed the exchange of vows. She resumed her friendship with her cousin after the Lady Mary was released from captivity and was mentioned in Mary’s will in 1578.

Just in my quick perusal of the site I could spot several wrong dates, though.

'When Lady Anna (Baroness Willoughby) nee' De Grey was born in 1513 in Groby, Leicestershire, England, her father, Sir, was 36, and her mother, Lady, was 27. She married Sir Hendrik "Henry" Willoughby (Knight of Van Wollaton) in 1536 in Leicestershire, England. They had six children in 10 years. She died on August 17, 1548, in England at the age of 35.' The rest of the account is riddled with mistakes.

https://www.geni.com/people/Lady-Anne-Grey/6000000006444128391

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Grey-17

Katherine Grey

Katherine Grey was the daughter of Thomas Grey, Marquis of Dorset and Margaret Wotton. She married Henry Fitzalan, Lord Maltravers, heir to the earl of Arundel in 1532. Her brother was to have wed his sister, but the match was called off when Henry Grey married Lady Frances Brandon instead. As Lady Maltravers, Katherine was listed as a member of the household of Princess Mary Tudor in October 1533. She had three children by Maltravers, Joan, Henry, and Mary.

Nicola Tallis, in her book Crown of Blood: The Deadly Inheritance of Lady Jane Grey, makes the following the statement regarding 'Elizabeth, Katherine and Anne were the eldest, followed by Henry, Thomas and John.'

The wonderful Nina Green whose scholarly work I have been so indebted to on so many occasions, refers to Katherine as the second daughters on several occasions: The Will of Sir John Radcliffe (1539 – 9 November 1568)

The Will of Frances Brandon, Duchess of Suffolk

The sole purport of this will of Frances Duchess of Suffolk, the mother of Lady Jane Grey, is to place all her property unreservedly in the hands of Adrian Stockes : upon whom she had bestowed her hand, he being previously her master of the horse. She died on the 21st Nov. 1559, twelve days after the execution of her will.

IN the name of God, Amen. I ladye FRAUNCES DUCHES OF SUFFOLKE, wife to Adryane Stockes esquyer, considering howe uncerteyn the howre of deathe is, and how certeyne ytt ys that every creature shall dye when ytt shall please God, being sicke in bodie but hole in mynde, thankes be to Almightie God ; and con- sidering with my self that the said Adrian Stockes my husbande is indebted to dyvers and sundrye persones in greate somes of money, and also that the chardge of my funeralles, if God call me to his mercye, shalbe greate chardges to hym, mynding he shall have, possesse, and enjoye all goodes, catalles, as well reall as personall, as all debtes, legacies, and all other thinges whatsoever I may give, dispose, lymytt, or appoynt by my last will and testament for the dischardge of the saide debtes and funeralles, do ordeyne and make this my present last will and testament, and do by the same consti- tute and make the saide Adryane Stockes my husbande my sole executor to all respectes, ententes, and purposes. In wytnes whereof I have hereunto putt my hande and seale the ix th daye of November, in the furst yere of the reigne of our soveraigne ladye Elizabeth, by the grace of God quene of Englande, Fraunce, and Irelande, de- fendour of the faythe, &c. FRAUNCES SUFFOLKE.

Sealed and delyvered in the presence of these under wrytten: Roberte Wyngfelde, Edmund Hall, Frauncis Bacon, and Robert Cholmeley.

Proved before the keeper of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 28 th of November, 1559, by the oath of Justinian Kidd, proctor of Adrian Stockes.

The Will of Frances Brandon, Duchess of Suffolk