The Lumley Collection
The Lumley Collection was the largest in Elizabethan England and was housed in three of the residences of John, 1st Baron Lumley (c.1533–1609) – his house on Tower Hill as well as Lumley Castle and Nonsuch Palace. The collection included portraits of 196 contemporary sitters, and (unlike most inventories of the period) often named the painter.
The nucleus of the collection was acquired by John Lumley from his father-in-law, Henry Fitzalan, 19th Earl of Arundel. A dozen or so pictures from the collection of the Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester were incorporated into the Lumley Collection. The collection included amongst others a portrait of Lady Jane Grey and a full length portrait of Anne Boleyn.
Lord Lumley was the uncle of Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, a prominent connoisseur in the early 17th century. Arundel inherited some of Lumley's collection of paintings, including the portrait of the Duchess of Milan, now in the National Gallery. However, a considerable portion of the collection went to Lumley Castle and remained there, eventually being inherited by the Earls of Scarbrough. The Lumley Collection of paintings was largely dispersed in sales that took place in 1785 and 1807. Many works from the inventories can be recognised by distinctive cartellini (trompe-l'œil representations of inscribed labels) added to some – but not all – of the paintings.
Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel
The Northwick Park Portrait
Of the Countesse of Warwicke, daughter of the Earle of Bedfourd.
(This portrait is apparently from the Woburn collection, another collection which employed the cartellini. I am leaving it up for now. It will at least give us an idea as to what image to look for, though I suppose that is also true for a great many others whose portraits were in the Lumley collection, and whose other portraits are not and will not be represented on this page. Still, so it shall be. I will replace this portrait of Anne Russell, Countess of Warwick, with the one that was in the Lumley collection should I find it.)