Certainly this is not Elizabethan fashion. The flat little hat is typical Austrian fashion for the time, more specifically typical Austrian fashion for the unhappy daughters of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor from the House of Habsburg. They are all pictured with it at some point. The straight shapeless gown that does not conform to the contours of the body and the almost too-big overcoat are perfectly in keeping with this style as well. Maria was born on the 15th of May 1531, which means that the portrait would have been painted between the 15th of May 1561 and 16th of May 1562.
Gripsholm Castle – Since Gustav Vasa, Gripsholm has belonged to the Swedish Royal Family and was used as one of their residences until the 18th century. It is now a museum, but it is still considered to be a palace at the disposal of the King and as such it is part of the Crown palaces in Sweden.
In fact, Gripsholm Castle was the dower residence of Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg as the widow of Gustav Adolph of Sweden, she lived there from 1636 until 1640. In May 1625 she had also given birth to a stillborn son at Gripsholm Castle.
Queen Christina was determined to never marry, and when she abdicated, she left the throne to her cousin Charles X Gustav of Sweden, also a descendant of Maria of Austria (1531–1581), Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg. She was his great-grandmother as well.
Since writing the above, I have come across a photograph of the portrait in a better resolution. It was in fact painted in 1563, making the identification as Elizabeth I Tudor give more sense, as she was naturally precisely 30 years old in 1563.
The fashions are still entirely wrong, however, and I still don't believe that it's her.
When researching this portrait I also considered Catherine Jagiellon (1 November 1526 – 16 September 1583), who was Queen of Sweden at this time, her two sisters, with whom she was close, Anna (18 October 1523 – 9 September 1596) and Sophia (13 July 1522 – 28 May 1575), and her sister-in-law Catherine of Austria (15 September 1533 – 28 February 1572), Queen of Poland, with whom she and her sister Anna were close.
Now, knowing with certainty that the lady was 30 years old in 1563 naturally eliminates both Maria of Austria (1531-1581), Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Catherine Jagiellon (1526–1583), Queen of Sweden (and her two sisters) as the sitter.
In 1556, when her sister Sophia married and left for Germany and her mother departed for Italy, Catherine Jagellion and her sister Anna were moved to the Palace of Vilnius by their brother Sigismund II Augustus of Poland, to ensure a royal presence in Lithuania. Their stay in Vilnius was described as happy, living in a palace and a court strongly influenced by the Italian Renaissance: Catherine and Anna were allowed to compose their own separate households, and socialized with the aristocracy. In Vilnius too resided Catherine of Austria, Queen of Poland, their sister-in-law.
It seems that the three women became close. All three had Vilnius as their main place of residence until October 1562 and the wedding of Catherine Jagiellon to Duke John of Finland.
Catherine of Austria was sent to Radom in April 1563 by her 40-year-old husband Sigismund II Augustus of Poland. He sought to obtain annulment of the marriage as he wanted to marry for the fourth time and secure a male heir.
At the same time, between 1563 and 1567, Catherine Jagiellon and her husband John was imprisoned by his brother King Eric XIV in Gripsholm Castle. John's son Sigismund, later the King of Poland and Sweden, was born in Gripsholm Castle on the 20th of June 1566.
Catherine's captivity was a lenient one, however, and if a portrait had been sent to her as a gift at this point she would no doubt have been allowed to receive it. King Eric XIV had no desire to offend either Catherine's family.
It was a time of great turmoil for both Catherines, as well as being shortly after they had been separated in October 1562, after six years as friends and family in each other's close vicinity. Catherine of Austria, Queen of Poland must have been worried both for her own future and quite possibly for the safety of Catherine Jagellion, Queen of Sweden in her captivity.
People have done stranger things under such circumstances than to send a portrait of themselves to be remembered by, as a solace in the form of an offering of remembered friendship and familial love in a difficult situation, and in order to confirm bonds of kinship.
Catherine of Austria (1533–1572), Queen of Poland was also the two years younger sister of Maria of Austria (1531–1581), Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.
Above is outlined very clearly how the Gripsholm Portrait if a portrait of the childless Catherine of Austria could have come to Sweden by way of inheritance through the descendants of her sister Maria, if it were not in fact a gift to her treasured sister-in-law Catherine Jagiellon (1526–1583), who was Queen of Sweden and actually living at Gripsholm Castle in 1563.
Catherine of Austria (15 September 1533 – 28 February 1572), Queen of Poland
The Gripsholm Portrait of a lady who was 30 years old in 1563, just like Catherine of Austria, Queen of Poland was
Ross Harrison Snow
I don't disagree with you hypothesis regarding the portrait of Judith Jermyn, but the Henrietta Maria Jermyn who married Henry Gage was the sister to Thomas, Lord Jermyn.
It is this portrait you are thinking of? http://www.gogmsite.net/new-content/1657-henrietta-jermyn-by-co-2.html It is very beautiful.
Ross Harrison Snow
There is quite a large portrait of Henrietta Gage nee' Jermyn held in the Ipswich Museum. It was originally at Rushbrooke Hall, but sold in the 1919 sale of the estate.
Yes, unlike the text by Arthur Collins quoted above, her father appears to have been plain Thomas Jermyn, Member of Parliament. Her brother was Thomas Jermyn, 2nd Baron Jermyn
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Jermyn,_2nd_Baron_Jermyn), and her grandfather was Sir Thomas Jermyn of Rushbrooke, Suffolk (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Jermyn_(died_1645)).
There is a similar one, also called Margarita de Austria, Queen of Spain, and a similar one called Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain, Archduchess of Austria by Frans Pourbus the Younger.
Margarita de Austria, Queen of Spain
Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain, Archduchess of Austria by Frans Pourbus the Younger
It is possible one or the other has been mislabelled as the other lady, but I would say that the odds of them being of one or the other of the two of them are pretty high. It is very possible that these are portraits of these two different women, simply dressed similarly.
A similar portrait of Isabella Clara Eugenia was given to Anne of Denmark (James I’s Queen) in 1603 by the Ambassador of the Spanish Netherlands. (The Royal Collection)
In either case, they are not Anne of Austria (1549–1580), who predeceased these fashions by a few decades.
«Magdalen was the daughter of William, Lord Dacre and the second wife of Anthony Browne, 1st Viscount Montague. A devout Catholic, she was a maid of honour at the marriage of Mary Tudor to Philip II of Spain in Winchester Cathedral. The Montagues were ancestors of Isabella Poyntz, wife of the 2nd Marquess of Exeter, and this portrait and its pair, were bought by the 2nd Marquess in 1844. They are now thought to have been painted posthumously in the 17th or 18th Century.
Antonis Mor, a Dutch portrait painter, was much sought after by the Courts of Europe.»
Anthony Browne, 1st Viscount Montague (1526-1592), Manner of Antonis Mor
Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk
Queen Mary I of England (1516 - 1558), 17th century (painted), After Anthonis Mor – Victoria and Albert Museum
Anthony Browne, 1st Viscount Montague (1526-1592), Manner of Antonis Mor (1517-1577)
«Anthony Browne, an ancestor of Isabella Poyntz, wife of the 2nd Marquess of Exeter, was created 1st Viscount Montague in 1554. He was one of the peers who sat at the trial of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1587. This painting, and its pair, were bought by the 2nd Marquess in 1844 and are now thought to be posthumous portraits dating from the 17th or 18th Century, based on lost originals.»
Portrait of a Tudor Lady in a Rich Costume, Flemish School, early 1570’s
Portrait of a Young Lady, 1560, by Caterina van Hemessen
Regina Streun, née von Tschernembl
It's possible these are all the same woman, Regina Streun, née von Tschernembl. Certainly I think the first two portraits were painted by the same artist.
Portrait of a Tudor Lady in a Rich Costume, Flemish School, early 1570’s
«Both the artist and the sitter for this jewel-like painting are, as yet, unknown. Once thought to be Mary Tudor, her cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots has also been suggested. However, the subject is, most probably, a high-born Flemish lady circa 1570.»
«Regina Streun, geb. von Tschernembl Dieses Bild: 014135 Kunstwerk: Deckfarbenmalerei ; Folge ; Porträt ; Wien Dokumentation: 1575 ; 1585 ; Wien ; Österreich ; Wien ; Kunsthistorisches Museum ; IN 9691 ; fol. 611»
Portrait of lady, half-length, in white bejewelled dress and headress by circle of Frans Pourbus the Younger
07.12 | 21:47
It looks like The Tau cross derives from the Egyptian Ankh and basically they are wearing it around their necks, life rebirth, salvation mirror. sun.Stonehenge looks like it is made up of Ts to form c
07.12 | 21:30
are wearing the symbol on effigies at Ingham church Norfolk and Henry StanleyD1528 at Hillingdon Middlesex.Countess Jacquline of Hainaut and husband Frank Borsele are also wearing the insignia others
07.12 | 21:23
These Queens could of been members of the order and i think the Tau cross is a symbol of the Holy Trinity also.These pendants could of been reliquaries.Lady margaret de Bois and Roger de bois
07.12 | 21:17
I think the Tau cross that they are wearing could be linked to the(knights) order of St Anthony, Mary 1st collar looks like it may represent the knotted girdle/waist cord of st Anthony .
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Elizabeth FitzGerald, Countess of Lincoln
Called Frances de Vere, Actually Elizabeth FitzGerald, Countess of Lincoln
Called Lucy Neville, Actually Elizabeth FitzGerald, Countess of Lincoln
Judith Blagge, Lady Jermyn of Boxted Hall – Portrait of a Lady, thought to be Isabel Biddulph, née Gifford (c.1570-1575) by George Gower
The same woman?
«9. JUDITH, LADY JERMYN. H. and S. Body and face both full, hair dressed off the forehead, and jewelled tiara on top; small lace ruff. Dress: white with a baudekin pattern thereon; over it a black stomacher, and a black coat edged with a lace collar; four rows of gold chain round the neck. S. On panel. At top dexter corner, a coat of arms. Sable, a crescent between two mullets in pale, Jermyn; impaling, Argent, two bends gules, voided sable, the voids engrailed – for Blagge (Argent, two bends engrailed sable) – "Virtute contractum 1575."
• By descent to Anthony J. Wright Biddulph, Burton Park, Petworth, Sussex
• His sale, Sotheby's, 9 December 1931, lot 31
• Lord Lee of Fareham (1868-1947)
• With Frank Partridge & Sons; sold 1 January 1939
• Sir Henry Price (1877-1963)
• Thence by descent
• With the Weiss Gallery, London, 2001
• Present whereabouts unknown
So the first known owner was Anthony J. Wright Biddulph, Burton Park, Petworth, Sussex, who got it by descent.
«Burton Park is a large estate held first by Gorings. Anne Goring, heiress of Sir Henry, married Richard Biddulph Esq. then Burton eventually passed to a Wright cousin from Essex who added the name Biddulph on inheriting. The house was originally a Tudor mansion but burnt down for the second time in 1826 and rebuilt.» Burton Park and West Sussex
Sir Thomas Gage, of Firle, Bart. (eldest son and heir of Sir John,) died about the year 1655, and having wedded Mary, eldest daughter and coheir of John Chamberlain, of Sherburn, in com. Oxon. Esq; (who, surviving him, was remarried to Sir Henry Goring, of Burton, in Sussex, Bart. and dying, 1694, was buried at Burton,)» The English Baronetage by Arthur Collins
Henrietta Jermyn was a direct descendant of Judith, Lady Jermyn. As none of her children had progeny (or appear to have married) (The History and Antiquities of Hengrave, in Suffolk by John Gage), it is entirely possible that a portrait inherited by her ended up with her sister-in-law Mary Chamberlain Gage Goring at Burton Park.
Catherine-Marie de Lorraine (18 July 1551 – 5 May 1596), Duchess of Montpensier?
Catherine-Marie de Lorraine (18 July 1551 – 5 May 1596), Duchess of Montpensier
Portrait Of Lady Anne Clifford, Countess Of Dorset And Countess Of Pembroke And Montgomery (1590-1676), c.1618; Circle Of Paul Van Somer (c.1577 - C.1621)
«Portrait of Katherine, Countess of Suffolk incorrectly idenitifed as Frances Howard; aged 39; half length to right; one hand on waist; wearing ruff, cap and dress with wide cuffs. 1814 Etching and engraving» The British Museum | 1872,0713.229
Portrait Of Lady Anne Clifford, Countess Of Dorset And Countess Of Pembroke And Montgomery (1590-1676) C.1618; Circle Of Paul Van Somer (c.1577 - C.1621) Selling Antiques Sold by: Titan Fine Art
Renée d'Anjou, marquise de Mézières (1550–bef.1586/1597)
Renée d'Anjou, marquise de Mézières? – Portrait of a Young Lady by Circle of Francois Clouet – Philip Mould
Renée d'Anjou, marquise de Mézières? – Portrait of a Lady in a Red Dress by Follower of Clouet – Christie's
Called Queen Margarita (of Austria), Queen of Spain (1584–1611) but probably Anne of Austria (1549–1580)
Called Amy Robsart – This painting was once thought to be of the ill-fated first wife of Robert Dudley, but has since been discounted because she has the wrong fashions. It is clearly a copy of the same painting as the picture next to it.
Portrait of Margaret of Austria (1584-1611), Frans Pourbus (II) (rejected attribution), anonymous, c. 1600 – Rijksmuseum
Portrait of Queen Margaret of Austria by the workshop of Franz Pourbus the Younger – Dorotheum
This lady certainly isn't Anne of Austria (1549–1580).
Portrait of Margaret of Austria (1584-1611), Frans Pourbus (II) (rejected attribution), anonymous, c. 1600 oil on copper, h 28.5cm × w 22.4cm × d 0.3cm Rijksmuseum | SK-A-508
Portrait of Queen Margaret of Austria by the workshop of Franz Pourbus the Younger – «Lot No. 12 Workshop of Frans Pourbus the Younger (Antwerp 1569–1622 Paris) Portrait of Philip III of Spain, bust lenght, and Portrait of Margret of Austria, bust-lenght, both oil and panel, each 67 x 51 cm realized price €393,400.» Dorotheum